Plan for teaching and training in AYUSH Systems of Medicine

Plan for teaching and training in AYUSH Systems of Medicine
The policy, implementation and future plan of action of Central Government to make each of indigenous Ayurveda systems of medicine under Ayush more acceptable and extended in terms of teachings, training and treatment through National AYUSH Mission (NAM) and some of the Central Sector Schemes are as follows:

(i)         National AYUSH Mission (NAM)

            Government of India has approved and notified National AYUSH Mission (NAM) on 29.09.2014 with the components of AYUSH services, AYUSH Educational Institutions, Quality Control of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani & Homoeopathy (ASU&H) drugs and Medicinal Plants in the States/UTs during 12th Plan. State/UT wise resource pool has been allocated for implementing various activities under NAM. State/UT Governments are eligible to submit the proposals through State Annual Action Plan (SAAP) as per the guidelines of NAM.

In order to make each of indigenous Ayurveda systems of medicine under AYUSH more acceptable  in terms of quality safety and efficacy of AYUSH drugs the current proposal is to have a vertical structure for AYUSH in the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO). Government has initiated procedural steps required for setting up the vertical structure of AYUSH in the CDSCO.

(ii)        Other relevant Central Sector Schemes

1.         Under the Central Sector Scheme for Information, Education and Communication (IEC), AYUSH Systems including Ayurveda for treatment of common ailments are propagated and promoted through various media channels and other publicity activities like organizing Arogya fairs, providing financial support for fairs, conferences, seminars etc.

2.         National Institute of Ayurveda (NIA) is imparting Graduate,  Post-Graduate and Ph.D. level courses in Ayurveda.  Apart from this, the Institute also imparts a Diploma Course of AYUSH Nursing and Pharmacy.  There is also a Panchakarma Attendant Course. The Institute also provides patient care services which include various investigations in the Laboratory, free dispensing of Medicines in OPD and IPD. The Institute has a Pharmacy and also scheme under SCP/TSP for providing free medical care to around a dozen SC and ST inhabited Districts of Rajasthan where regular Mobile Camps are organized for free consultation, treatment and dispensing of medicines to the population.

3.         The Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth (RAV) runs two types of courses under traditional ‘Guru Shishya Parampara’ method. These courses are MRAV for those who possess post graduation in Ayurveda and CRAV for Ayurvedic Graduates. The basic idea of these courses is to provide in-depth knowledge and prepare young scholars, proficient in practice and texts of Ayurveda, to become good practioners and teachers of Ayurveda.

(b):       Presently there are two AIIMS like prestigious centres of Ayurveda under AYUSH systems of medicine as detailed below:-

1.         The National Institute of Ayurveda(NIA),  has one College and one Hospital. The Institute is committed to provide high quality medical care to all sections of the society and also manages a number of Specialty Clinics like well-equipped Panchakarma Unit, Clinics for Diabetes, Geriatric, Vitiligo, Child Mental Health, Kshara-Sutra and various Para-Surgical Procedures, etc. Medicines in IPD and OPD are dispensed free of cost to the patients.

2.        All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA), New Delhi is an apex Institute of Ayurveda with 200 bedded referral hospital and to impart education in the field of Ayurveda  M.D. and Ph.D level. The institute is in advance stage of construction.

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Centre Releases Rs 3131.50 Lakhs for Promoting Farming of Herbal Products in 2014-15
Rs 3131.50 Lakhs funds have been sanctioned to States/UTs during the financial year 2014-15 for herbal farming under “Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Mission on Medicinal Plants". At present this scheme has been merged under “Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission”

National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) is providing financial assistance to the States for cultivation of medicinal plants under “Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM) of Ministry of AYUSH.

33052.03 hectare area was supported during the last one year (2014-15)for cultivation of medicinal plants / herbal farming under “Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Ayush Mission”. 


Apex Institute of Ayurveda with a 200 beded hospital being set up in Delhi

The Institute to impart Ayurveda education at MD & Ph.D level: Shripad Yesso Naik
The Government has approved establishment of All India Institute of Ayurveda at Sarita Vihar, New Delhi. The Institute has been conceived as an Apex Institute of Ayurveda with 200 bedded referral hospital for imparting education in the field of Ayurveda at M.D. and Ph.D level. The construction activities and procurement of medical equipment and furniture are at an advanced stage of completion.

Research and Development in AYUSH is undertaken in accordance with the objectives and strategies outlined in the ‘National Policy for Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy-2002’. Central Government has set up Research Councils and implemented a Central Scheme of Extramural Research to undertake and support research & development activities including development of drugs in Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy. 80 units of the four Research Councils are functioning in the country. Adequate resources are provided to these initiatives inter-alia to facilitate development and discovery of such drugs, which are different from the classical formulations mentioned in the authoritative books. Drugs & Cosmetics Act, 1940 has a provision for patent or proprietary medicines in relation to Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani systems of medicine. Many such medicines are licensed and available in the market. Rule 158-B of the Drugs & Cosmetics Rules, 1945 provides inter-alia the regulatory guidelines for the evidence of safety and effectiveness requirements for licensing of new formulations and Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani drugs with new indications. Government has also published Good Clinical Practice guidelines for imparting technical assistance in the area of research and development of AYUSH drugs for the conduct of clinical trials. 


Checking Exploitation by Foreigners of the Country's Medicinal Plants
The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 makes the provision to check the exploitation by the foreigners of biological resources occurring in India which also includes medicinal plants. As per Section-3 of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 any foreign individual or entity has to obtain prior approval of the National Biodiversity Authority for undertaking research on the Indian biological resources and / or associated knowledge. There are also quarantine measures to check on any biological material imported by foreigners which also covers medicinal plants.

The Government of India has set up the National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) in November, 2000 to look after the matters related to development of medicinal plants sector in the country and it has been implementing different Schemes / Programmes for overall development of the sector in the country.

The NMPB since its inception in 2000 onwards has been supporting Research & Development projects on various aspect of medicinal plants like Survey and documentation of medicinal plants and traditional knowledge on medicinal plants, standardization of Good Agricultural and Collection Practices (GACPs) and development of Agro-techniques, development of phytochemical reference standards, monographs laying down standards of quality, safety and efficacy, quality assurance.

The other departments / organizations of Government of India viz. Botanical Survey of India (BSI), Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education (ICFRE), Department of Science & Technology (DST), Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR), also supports Research and Development activities on various aspects of Medicinal Plants. However, the reason for low share of India’s presence in global trade of medicinal plants is due to huge domestic / national consumption of medicinal plants.

NMPB supported a study on assessment of demand & supply of medicinal plants in year 2008 and has also assigned a similar study in 2014-15 to Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE), Dehradun, to conduct a detailed study-cum-survey to assess the demand and supply of medicinal plants in India in the national perspective, as well as in respect of the international Market.

In addition, NMPB is also supporting cultivation of medicinal plants under “Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM)” to promote their global trade. 
Plan for teaching and training in AYUSH Systems of Medicine Plan for teaching and training in AYUSH Systems of Medicine Reviewed by Ajit Kumar on 8:53 AM Rating: 5

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