Duration of B.Ed Course




Duration of B.Ed Course 

The National Council for Teacher (NCTE), which is mandated with maintaining teacher education standards in the country, had revised its Regulations through notification of 1st December, 2014 increasing the duration of the B.Ed. programme from one year to two years from the academic session 2015-16. 


The syllabus of B.Ed. programme has been revised under the NCTE Regulations, 2014 and new course modules on I.C.T., Yoga Education, Gender Studies and Disability Education have been made compulsory in all the 15 teacher education programmes from 2015-16 academic session. Provision for 20 weeks of internship has been introduced for rigorous training of student teachers. With a view to improve its quality, the duration of the B.Ed. programme has been enhanced to make it a more professionalized and rigorous teacher education programme. 

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Irani in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha question. 

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Separate Toilets for Boys and Girls in Schools 

In pursuance of the national call given by the Prime Minister, the Department of School Education and Literacy under Ministry of HRD has launched Swachh Vidyalaya Programme with an objective to provide separate toilets for boys and girls in all government schools within a year. States / UTs have reported construction of 3.17 lakh toilets till 27th July, 2015. 

About 300 central observers have been deputed to visit districts to review the progress of the Swachh Vidyalaya Initiative. The observers have reviewed progress with the district authorities. Review of utilization of funds was not part of their mandate. 

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Irani in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha question. 

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Essay Competition on Saint Thiruvalluvar 

The University Grants Commission (UGC) has informed that it had issued a letter on 30th June, 2015 to the Vice-Chancellors of all universities, requesting the universities and affiliated colleges to organize essay competitions, seminars and debates based on the life and works of Shri Thiruvalluvar. The UGC has informed that four Universities and one College have indicating their interest in undertaking the activities in the UGC letter. 

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has incorporated messages of Shri Thiruvalluvar in textbook of Communicative Sanskrit, published by the Board, for Class X. The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has reported that it has published a supplementary reader entitled “Thirukkural” for students and teachers to assist “activities” taken under the History part of Social Science syllabus. Further, a detailed entry on ‘Sangam Literature’ has been provided in a three-language ‘Dictionary of Historical Terms’ of NCERT. These measures aim at spreading Thirukkural’s messages among students for imbibing the values inherent in this text. Regarding Universities and Colleges, the UGC has already communicated to these institutions to take up various activities based on the life and works of Shri Thiruvalluvar. Universities may frame syllabi with the approval of their Academic Councils. 

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Irani in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha question. 

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Attendance of Teachers and Quality of Teaching 

To ensure productive engagement of teachers in teaching in schools, Section 27 of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 stipulates that no teacher shall be deployed for any non-educational purposes other than the decennial population census, disaster relief duties or duties relating to elections to the local authority or the State Legislatures or Parliament, as the case may be. The school management committees have been assigned the duty under the RTE Act to monitor the working of the schools. 

To provide academic support to teachers, State Governments/UTs administrations are financially supported by the Central Government to provide on-site academic support to teachers as well as to develop robust monitoring mechanisms through Block Resource Centres and Cluster Resource Centres, under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. 

School Education, being primarily in the domain of State Governments/UTs, mechanism of monitoring attendance of school teachers is the responsibility of States/UTs. The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has commissioned studies through an independent agency in 2007 and 2013 on teachers’ attendance, and these have revealed that average teachers’ attendance has improved from 81.7% in 2006-07 to 84.8% in 2012-13 at primary level, and from 80.5% in 2006-07 to 83.1% in 2012-13 at upper primary level.

The National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has developed Performance Indicators for Elementary Education (PINDICS) to track teacher performance and attendance in Government schools. PINDICS have been shared with State Governments/UTs to assess teacher’s performance.

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Irani in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha question. 

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Formulating New Education Policy 

The Government has initiated the consultation process of formulating a New Education Policy to meet the changing dynamics of the population’s requirement with regard to quality education, innovation and research, aiming to make India a knowledge superpower by equipping its students with the necessary skills and knowledge. A multiple level consultative process involving all stakeholders, such as, educationists, teachers, and students across all levels is being undertaken. Two themes in School Education, namely, “Accelerating rural literacy with special emphasis on Women, SCs, STs & Minorities through adult education and National Open Schooling systems” and “Enabling Inclusive Education – education of Girls SCs, STs, Minorities and children with special needs and other children out of school” and two themes in Higher Education, namely, ‘Addressing regional disparity” and “Bridging gender and social gaps” are aimed at ensuring equality in educational opportunity to all students. 

The extant National Policy on Education (NPE) provides for a National System of Education which implies that, up to a given level, all students, irrespective of caste, creed, location or sex, have access to education of a comparable quality. It includes a common educational structure, a national curriculum framework and minimum levels of learning for each stage of education. It envisages, inter alia, a National System of Education to bring about uniformity in education, making adult education programmes a mass movement, providing universal access, ensuring retention and improving quality in elementary education, special emphasis on education of girls, establishment of pace-setting schools, like Navodaya Vidyalayas in each district, vocationalisation of secondary education, synthesis of knowledge and inter-disciplinary research in higher education, starting more Open Universities in the States, strengthening of the All India Council for Technical Education, encouraging sports, physical education, Yoga and adoption of an effective evaluation method. The existing policy clearly implies that there is no dual education system in the country. 

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Irani in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha question. 

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Hiring of EDCIL for MDMS 

The Technical Support Group (TSG) of Ed.CIL for Mid Day Meal Scheme consists of Consultants (subject experts) and support staff and also provides support services to the Ministry towards implementation of the Scheme. For this purpose, Ed.CIL is reimbursed on cost plus basis salaries of the consultants & staff engaged for the TSG, administrative & procurement expenses, rent for space and maintenance charges. The activities were entrusted to Ed.CIL on nomination basis which is the only Government of India undertaking under MHRD. 

The Educational Consultants India Limited (Ed.CIL) is a Government of India undertaking under the Ministry of Human Resource Development. It has established credentials in Education Sector for providing quality services. It is categorised as a 'Mini Ratna Organisation' by the Government of India. EdCIL as Public Sector Enterprise of the Govt.of India is duty bound to follow the Government guidelines in respect of financial norms. 

Elaborate monitoring mechanism exists at both State and the Central levels for smooth implementation of the scheme. At national level, an Empowered Committee, headed by Minister of HRD, a National level Steering-cum-Monitoring Committee (NSMC) and Programme Approval Board (PAB) monitor the Scheme and suggest policy measures for effective implementation of the Scheme. At the State level, State level Steering–cum-Monitoring Committee headed by Chief Secretary and at the District Level Committee under the Chairpersonship of senior most Member of Parliament of Lok Sabha monitor the scheme. Joint Review Mission (JRM) headed by experts also reviews the scheme. In addition, independents Monitoring Institutes (MIs) have been engaged for monitoring and evaluation of the scheme on half-yearly basis. The Guidelines also envisage monitoring of 25% of the schools on quarterly basis by the officials of the States / UTs. There is also a Management Information System (MIS) for monitoring of the Scheme. 

The Government of India has issued updated guidelines on quality, safety and hygiene on school level kitchens to all the States / UTs on 13th February, 2015. The Central Government has also taken following steps to ensure quality food under Mid Day Meal Scheme: 

i) Training for cook-cum-helpers on safety, quality and hygiene aspects. 

ii) Instruction to schools to procure Agmark quality and branded items for preparation of mid day meals. 

iii) Tasting of meals by 2-3 adults members including at least one teacher before serving to children. 

iv) System of testing of food samples by accredited laboratories. 

v) Construction of kitchen-cum-stores for safe storage and preparation of meals in a hygienic environment. 

vi) Engagement of cook-cum-helpers. 

vii) Periodic upward revision of cooking cost. 

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Irani in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha question. 

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Steps taken to check Menace of Fake Universities 

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has informed that sporadic incidents of candidates using fake Mark-sheets and Certificates for obtaining job or admission in Higher Educational Institutions as well as incidents of schools sponsoring ineligible candidates in the examinations conducted by the Board have been reported. 

UGC, AICTE and CBSE have taken several steps to check the menace of these Fake Universities/Institutions/Schools. UGC has written to all the Chief Secretaries, Home Secretaries and Education Secretaries of all states including Union Territories to check the menace of fake universities and initiate a drive against institutions offering degrees without approval of the Statutory Authorities viz. UGC, AICTE and Distance Education Council (DEC) in the States/Union Territories. UGC also issues ‘Public Notice’, ‘Press Release’ and paid advertisements for the awareness of the general public/students in the leading daily newspapers at the beginning of academic session, cautioning aspiring students not to seek admission in such institutions. 

All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) has informed that various fraud cases have been detected during the last two years in several States. AICTE has further informed that presently 343 technical institutes which do not have AICTE approval are running in the Country. The details of such Institutes are available on AICTE web portal at http://www.aicte-india.org/misapproved institutions.php. 

In order to avoid irregularities, to ensure availability of qualified faculty and basic infrastructure, AICTE has published an approval Process Handbook as per the AICTE (Grant of Approvals for Technical Institutions) Regulations, 2012. Institutions violating these norms and standards are liable for punitive action per the Approval Process Handbook. AICTE has introduced e-governance in all the processes to bring transparency, accountability, flexibility by integrating the entire system. Besides above, AICTE has also taken few steps viz. sending letters to Principal Secretary/ Director, Technical Education/ concerned State authorities for taking appropriate action. Public Notices have also been issued by AICTE in newspapers cautioning the students not to take admission in such unapproved institutions for the benefit of Stakeholders. 

CBSE has also displayed the list of affiliated or disaffiliated schools as well as the results of Class X and Class XII and other entrance examinations conducted by the Board on its website for ensuring the genuineness of the mark sheets. Public notices are also issued as and when the Board withdraws affiliation of any school. 

As per information made available by the University Grants Commission (UGC), 21 Fake Universities have been listed in the UGC list of Fake Universities. The details of such Fake Universities are available on the UGC website www.ugc.ac.in. In addition, the UGC has also informed that Bhartiya Shiksha Parishad, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh and Indian Institute of Planning and Management (IIPM), Qutub Enclave, Phase-II, New Delhi are also unrecognized and functioning in violation of Section 2(f) and Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956. The High Court of Delhi has given the final decision against the IIPM and advised that acts of the IIPM, Arindam Chaudhari and Malay Chaudhari, constitute a criminal offence of cheating punishable under Section 420 of the Indian Penal Code. To comply with the Court decision, the UGC has lodged FIR against IIPM in the Police Station. 

The Ministry vide its D.O. letter No.12-3/2015/U3(A) dated 21st July, 2015 requested the Chief Secretaries of several State Governments where these Fake Universities/Institutions are situated, to investigate the matter and register complaints in the Police Station. Prosecution may also be initiated against those involved in defrauding and cheating students by misrepresenting themselves as “Universities” awarding degrees with their name. 

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Irani in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha question. 

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Heritage status to colleges 
The University Grants Commission (UGC) has informed that it has launched a scheme during the XII plan to provide Heritage Grants to universities and colleges which are more than 100 years old and accorded the Special Heritage Status by the UGC.  The guidelines of the scheme of “Granting Special Heritage Status to Universities and Colleges” are available at http://www.ugc.ac.in/pdfnews/ 4170650_Guidelines-for-Heritage.pdf.
A total of Rs.2505.58 lakhs has been allocated to these colleges. The details of grants allocated to these colleges, college-wise, is athttp://www.ugc.ac.in/ pdfnews/8647293_Heritage-website.pdf.

The UGC has informed that it has granted Special Heritage Status to 19 colleges in the country. The State-wise details are follows:

  S.No.
Name of the State
No. of Proposals (college) 
 considered
No. of proposals (College) approved
1.
Assam
1
1
2.
Andhra Pradesh
6
-
3.
Bihar
2
1
4.
Gujarat
1
-
5
Haryana
1
1
6.
Himachal Pradesh
1
1
7.
Jammu and Kashmir
2
1
8.
Karnataka
3
1
9.
Kerala
8
2
10.
Madhya Pradesh
4
1
11.
Maharashtra
5
3
12.
Punjab
4
2
13.
Rajasthan
2
-
14
Tamil Nadu
6
1
15
Uttar Pradesh
8
2
16
Uttarakhand
1
-
17.
West Bengal
5
2

TOTAL
60
19

This information was given by the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Smt. Smriti Irani in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha question.

Duration of B.Ed Course Duration of B.Ed Course Reviewed by Ajit Kumar on 8:29 PM Rating: 5

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