Development of Diabetic Friendly Rice Varieties




Development of Diabetic Friendly Rice Varieties 

Indian Council of Agricultural Research - Indian Institute of Rice Research, Hyderabad has identified three rice varieties with low glycemic index (GI) values which are considered suitable for diabetic patients. These varieties are: Lalat (GI=53.17), BPT 5204 (GI=51.42) and Sampada (GI=51). 


Any variety of rice with ≤ 55 GI is considered as diabetic friendly. Presently, these varieties are under cultivation in different states of India. 

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Balyan in Rajya Sabha today. 

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Compensation for Crop Damage Due to Natural Calamities 

State Government is empowered to undertake necessary relief measures in the wake of natural calamities like, drought, hailstorm, pest attack & cold wave/frost from State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) which is readily available with them. Additional financial assistance, over and above SDRF, is considered from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) for natural calamities of severe nature on receipt of Memorandum from the State Government. On request by any State Government, Department of Agriculture & Cooperation constitutes and Inter-Ministerial Central Team (IMCT) to visit the States for assessing damages including crop loss for recommending financial assistance from NDRF. Based on the report of the IMCT, Sub Committee of National Executive Committee (SC-NEC) recommends extent of admissible assistance as per laid down items and norms of assistance from NDRF/SDRF for approval of the High Level Committee (HLC) to sanction central assistance from NDRF. The norms for relief under SDRF/NDRF are Rs. 6800/- per hectare for rainfed crops, Rs. 13,500/- per ha. For assured irrigated crops and Rs. 18,000/- per ha. for all type of perennial crops, where crop loss is more than 33% and above. 

The financial assistance from SDRF/NDRF is providing immediate relief and is not compensation for loss/damage to crops. Crop insurance is a financial tool to insure farmers against crop losses on payment of admissible premium to the insurance company. Under the crop insurance schemes claims are paid to only those farmers who insured their crops and paid premium under any of the notified crop insurance scheme. Admissible claims are worked out and paid as per the provisions of the respective schemes. 

The norms of assistance, is reviewed comprehensively after the award of successive Finance Commission taking into account various factors including the price rise. The Government of India has issued order on revised items and norms of assistance under State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF)/National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) on 8th April, 2015. The extant norms inter-alia provide for assistance to the farmers in the form of Agriculture Input Subsidy (where crop loss is 33% and above as against the earlier norms of 50%) for damage caused to all types of agriculture and horticulture cropped areas due to the notified natural calamities. Government of India has also enhanced the assistance amount to the farmers by 50% in the revised norms. 

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Shri .Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundariya in Rajya Sabha today. 

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Promotion of National Agricultural Market . 

The Government has recently approved a Central Sector scheme for Promotion of National Agriculture Market (NAM) through Agri-Tech Infrastructure Fund (ATIF) for implementation during 2015-16 to 2017-18 with a budget of Rs.200 crores. The Scheme envisages implementation of NAM through Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC), which is an autonomous organization under the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC). It provides for a pan-India electronic trading portal which will network selected Agricultural Produce Marketing Committees (APMC) market yards to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities. NAM is a “virtual” market but it will have physical markets (mandis) at the back end. The e-platform will be deployed in selected 585 regulated whole sale markets across the country based on the States having carried out prior reforms in their marketing laws in respect of (i) a single license to be valid across the State, (ii) single point levy of market fee and (iii) provision for electronic auction as a mode for price discovery. . 

DAC will meet expenses on software and its customization to the State specific requirements. In addition, DAC will also give one time grant upto Rs.30.00 lakhs per Mandi towards fixed cost for related equipment/ infrastructure. . 

Initially, trading through the e-platform would cover trading of staples, such as cereals, pulses and oilseeds. Trading in fresh produce including fruits and vegetables will be considered once trading in staples has been smoothly established. . 

The selected APMC market yards that are integrated with the e-platform will offer the farmers both the choice to place their produce for sale either to the traders physically present in the mandi or else post the sale details on the on-line portal available in the same market yard for sale locally as well as outside the APMC or even within the physical boundary of the State. . 

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Shri .Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundariya in Rajya Sabha today. . 

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Compensation to Drought Affected Farmers 

During the year 2014-15, due to deficient monsoon, Governments of Haryana declared drought in 21 districts, Uttar Pradesh in 44 districts, Karnataka in 9 districts, Maharashtra in 26 districts and Andhra Pradesh in 7 districts of the State. These States had also submitted detailed Memoranda seeking financial assistance from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) for drought relief. Inter-Ministerial Central Teams (IMCTs) visited the affected States to assess the drought situation and submitted reports. Government of India approved Rs.777.34 crore to Uttar Pradesh, Rs. 200.35 crore to Karnataka, Rs.168.87 crore to Haryana, Rs.1962.99 crore to Maharashtra and Rs.237.51 crore to Andhra Pradesh from NDRF in the wake of drought for distribution as relief assistance to farmers. 

In order to protect farmers against crop failure due to natural calamities, pest & diseases, weather conditions, Government of India has recently introduced the National Crop Insurance Scheme (NCIP) with component schemes of Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS), Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS) and Coconut Palm Insurance Scheme (CPIS). In addition, National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) which was to be withdrawn after implementation of NCIP from Rabi 2013-14 has been extended further. The State Government of Maharashtra had notified only two schemes namely; NAIS & WBCIS during Rabi 2014-15 season. The compensation is distributed to the farmers as per terms & conditions of the schemes concerned who have insured their crops under the scheme. 

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Shri .Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundariya in Rajya Sabha today. 

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Promotion of Organic Farming 

The Policy of Ministry of Agriculture on organic farming is to promote technically sound, economically viable, environmentally non-degrading, and socially acceptable use of natural resources in favour of organic agriculture. The Policy seeks to actualize the area and crop potential for organic farming, sustaining soil fertility, conserving bio-resources, strengthening rural economy, promoting value addition, for accelerating the growth of agro-business and securing a fair standard of living for the farmers and agricultural workers and their families. 

Government is promoting organic farming through various schemes/ programmes viz National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)/ Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana(PKVY) , Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), National Mission on Oilseeds & Oil Palm (NMOOP) Network Project on Organic Farming of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and National Programme on Organic Production (NPOP) of Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA). The pattern of assistance provided to state governments through various schemes for promotion of organic farming is given at Annexure-I. 

Under National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture, the National Centre of Organic Farming, Ghaziabad, is conducting various extension and publicity activities like Exhibitions, Radio Talks, TV Programmes, distribution of literature on organic inputs/ organic farming etc to educate farmers. NCOF is also publishing Bio-Fertilizer News Letter as well as Organic Farming News Letter Bi-annually and Quarterly respectively. In addition, various books on production and use of biofertilizers have been published in various languages for distribution to the farming community. Radio jingle (Hindi) on promotion of organic agriculture have been broadcasted on 4 different FM Radio Stations at Delhi, Bangalore, Nagpur and Lucknow. 

National Centre of Organic Farming is also organizing the training programmes for farmers in Saansad Adarsh Grams (SAGs) from 2015-16. 

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Shri .Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundariya in Rajya Sabha today. 

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Kharif Crop Sowing Crosses 764 Lakh Hectare so far 

           The total sown area as on 31st July, as per reports received from States, stands at 764.28 lakh hectare as compared to 703.43 lakh hectare at this time last year.
            It is reported that rice has been sown/transplanted in 227.81 lakh ha, pulses in 82.44 lakh ha, coarse cereals in 148.49 lakhhectare, oilseeds in 148.52 lakh ha and cotton in 101.91 lakh ha.
             The details of the area covered so far and that covered during this time last year are given below:

       Lakh hectare 
Crop
Area sown in 2015-16
Area sown in 2014-15
Rice
227.81
214.82
Pulses
82.44
68.15
Coarse Cereals
148.49
125.50
Oilseeds
148.52
135.60
Sugarcane
47.33
46.42
Jute & Mesta
7.78
8.11
Cotton
101.91
104.84
Total
764.28
703.43

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Development of Flood and Drought Resistant Seeds 

The National Agricultural Research System (NARS) comprising Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and State Agricultural Universities has developed flood/drought tolerant crop varieties for different regions of the country. The details are given below.
Important flood and drought tolerant varieties/hybrids of different crops
Crop
Varieties/hybrids
              Deep water/submergence/ water logging tolerance
Rice
Swarna Sub-1, Sambha Mahsuri Sub-1, Varshadhan, Gayatri, Sarla, Pooja, Prateeksha, Durga, JalaMani, CR Dhan 505, CR Dhan 502, Jalnidhi, Neerja, Jaladhi 1, Jaladhi 2, Hemavathi
Maize
HM-5, Seed Tech-2324, HM-10, PMH-2
Sugarcane
Co 98014 (Karan-1), Co 0239, Co 0118, Co 0238, Co 0233,  Co 05009
Jute
JRO 7835, JRO 878,  JRC 321, JRC 7447, JRC 532, JRC-517, Bidhan Pat-1
Drought tolerance
Rice
Sahabhagi Dhan, Vandana, Anjali, Satyabhama, DRR Dhan 42 (IR64 Drt 1), DRR Dhan 43, Birsa Vikas Dhan 203, Birsa Vikas Dhan 111, Rajendra Bhagwati, Jaldi Dhan 6
Wheat
PBW 527, HI 1531, HI 8627, HD 2888,  HPW 349, PBW 644, WH 1080, HD 3043, PBW 396,  K 9465, K 8962, MP 3288, HD 4672, NIAW 1415, HD 2987
Maize
Pusa Hybrid Makka 1, HM 4, Pusa Hybrid Makka 5, DHM 121,  Buland,
Sorghum
CSH 19 R, CSV 18, CSH 15R
Pearl Millet
HHB 67 improved, GHB 757, GHB 719, Dhanshakti, HHB 234, Mandor Bajra Composite 2, HHB-226, RHB-177, Pusa Composite 443, 
Barley
RD 2660, K603
Chickpea
Vijay, Vikas, RSG 14, RSG 888, ICCV 10, Pusa 362, Vijay
Groundnut
Ajaya, Girnar 1, TAG-24, Kadiri 6, ICGV 91114
Soybean
NRC 7, JS 95-60
Sugarcane
Co 98014 (Karan-1), Co 0239, Co 0118, Co 0238, Co 06927, Co 0403, Co 86032
Cotton
HD 324, CICR-1, Raj DH 7, Jawahar Tapti, Pratap Kapi,  Suraj, Surabhi, Veena, AK 235,
Jute
JBO 1 (Sudhangsu), JRO 204, JRO 524, JRC 80

The seeds of flood/drought tolerant varieties of different crops are made available to the farmers in the area/state/region of recommendation. Besides, under technology demonstration component of National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture some of these varieties are also demonstrated to farmers in various flood/drought prone regions of the country.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Balyan in Rajya Sabha today. 
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Availability of Quality Seeds 
The availability of quality seeds for farmers during the last three years against the requirement is as follows:-

Quantity in Lakh Quintals
Year
Requirement
Availability
2012-13
315.19
328.58
2013-14  
335.26
347.31
2014-15
343.56
351.77


            Systematic breeder seed production programme is taken up by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Institutes and State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) and certified/quality seed production programme is taken up by the National Seeds Corporation Ltd. (NSC), the State Seeds Corporations, the State Department of Agriculture, State Seed Farms, State Agricultural Universities Farms, Krishak Bharati Cooperative Ltd. (KRIBHCO), Private Firms etc. for ensuring the supply of quality seeds to farmers.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Balyan in Rajya Sabha today.

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Development of Diabetic Friendly Rice Varieties Development of Diabetic Friendly Rice Varieties Reviewed by Ajit Kumar on 7:19 PM Rating: 5

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