Automatic Refund of Confirmed/ RAC E-Tickets on Cancellation of Trains




Automatic Refund of Confirmed/ RAC E-Tickets on Cancellation of Trains 

Ministry of Railways have decided to grant automatic refund of Confirmed/RAC e-tickets on cancellation of trains similar to waitlisted e-tickets. There shall not be any requirement for cancellation/filing of TDR for refund of e-tickets in case of cancellation of trains. This will become effective very shortly. 


In case of cancellation of trains, PRS counter ticket shall continue to be refunded across the reservation counter as per the existing provisions. 

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Census data on disabled population released 


The Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India has released data on disabled population by type of disability, type of households and sex – 2011. The data gives the number of households having disabled persons by type of households including normal, institutional and houseless households. The disabled persons living in different type of households are further cross-classified into eight different disabilities i.e. seeing, hearing, speech, movement, mental retardation, mental illness, any other and multiple disability for India/States/UTs.

The data released shows 207.8 lakh households having disabled persons in the country constituting 8.3 percent of the total households. Out of the total households having disabled persons, about 99 percent households are normal households, 0.4 percent are institutional and 0.2 percent are houseless households.

Total households having disabled persons show an increase of 20.5 lakhs, from 187.3 lakhs in 2001 to 207.8 lakhs in 2011 (6.2 lakhs in rural and 14.3 lakhs in urban). Normal households increased by 2,02,4495, institutional households by 8,370 and houseless households by 13,560 during the decade 2001-11.

Disabled persons in normal households increased by 48,19,382, institutional households by 65,895 and houseless households by 22,948 during the said decade.


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A Health Survey Indicates that During 15 Day Reference Period 89 Per 1000 Persons Reported Illness in Rural India Against 118 Persons in Urban Areas. Howover, Un-Treated Spell Was Higher in Rural (Both for Male and Female) than Urban Areas. 

A Health Survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) has indicated that during a 15 day reference period 89 per 1000 persons reported illness in rural India against 118 persons-Proportion (per 1000) of Ailing Persons (PAP) in urban areas. However, un-treated spell was higher in rural (both for male and female) than urban areas. Private Doctors were the most important single source of treatment in both the sectors (Rural & Urban). More than 70% (72 per cent in the rural areas and 79 per cent in the urban areas) spells of ailment were treated in the private sector. Inclination towards allopathic treatment was prevalent (around 90% in both the sectors).

            The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has released the key indicators of Social Consumption in India: Health, generated from the data collected during the period January to June 2014 in its 71st round survey.

NSS Surveys on morbidity are being conducted from 28th round (1973-1974) and the last survey was conducted in NSS 60th round (January to June 2004).

              The survey on Social Consumption: Health conducted during the period January to June 2014 aimed at generating basic quantitative information on the health sector. One of the vital components of the survey was dedicated to collect information relevant for determination of the prevalence rate of different diseases among various age-sex groups in different regions of the country. Further, measurement of the extent of use of health services provided by the Government was an important part of this exercise. Special attention was given to hospitalisation i.e. medical care received as in-patient of medical institutions. The ailments for which such medical care was sought, the extent of use of Government hospitals as well as different levels of public health care institutions, and the expenditure incurred on treatment received from public and private sectors, were investigated by the survey. Break-up of expenditure by various heads was estimated for expenses on medical care received both as in-patient and otherwise.

 The detailed results of this survey on health are planned to be brought out by the NSSO through a main report.  In order to make available the salient results of the survey well in advance of the release of its report for use in planning, policy formulation, and decision support and as input for further statistical exercises, the NSSO has released the key indicators.

            The key indicators are based on the Central sample consisting of 4,577 villages in rural areas and 3,720 urban blocks spread over all States and Union Territories of India. The information was collected through a schedule (25.0) from a set of sample households during the period January to June 2014. The total number of households in which Schedule was canvassed, was 36480 in rural India and 29452 in urban India.

A. non-hospitalised treatment:

o   Table  below gives the survey estimates on Proportion (per 1000) of Ailing Persons (PAP) measured as the number of living persons reporting ailments (per 1000 persons) during 15-day reference period for different gender and age groups in rural and urban sectors. The PAP (per 1000 persons) was 89 persons in rural India and 118 persons in urban India. It may be mentioned that these estimates are based on self-reported morbidity data, rather than on medical examination. As expected, the PAPs were found to be high for children and much higher for the higher age groups and low for the younger age groups.

Table: Proportion (per 1000) of ailing persons (PAP) during last 15 days for different age groups separately for gender: rural, urban
age-group
rural
urban
male
female
persons
male
female
persons
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
0-4
119
86
103
111
117
114
5-9
65
50
58
87
71
80
10-14
43
47
45
57
53
56
15-29
35
57
46
38
59
48
30-44
60
94
77
71
126
98
45-59
109
163
135
173
239
206
60-69
247
270
259
331
379
355
70+
327
286
306
376
371
373
all
80
99
89
101
135
118

o   Inclination towards allopathy treatment was prevalent (around 90% in both the sectors). Only 5 to 7 percent usage of ‘other’ including AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga or Naturopathy Unani, Siddha and homoeopathy) was reported both in rural and urban area. Moreover, un-treated spell was higher in rural (both for male and female) than urban areas.

o   Private doctors were the most important single source of treatment in both the sectors (Rural & Urban). More than 70% (72 per cent in the rural areas and 79 per cent in the urban areas) spells of ailment were treated in the private sector (consisting of private doctors, nursing homes, private hospitals, charitable institutions, etc.).

B. hospitalised treatment:

o   Medical treatment of an ailing person as an in-patient in any medical institution having provision for treating the sick as in-patients, was considered as hospitalised treatment. In the urban population, 4.4% persons were hospitalised at some time during a reference period of 365 days. The proportion of persons hospitalised in the rural areas was lower (3.5%).

o   It is observed that in rural India, 42% hospitalised treatment was carried out in public hospital and rest 58% in private hospital. For the urban India, the corresponding figures were 32% and 68%. It may be noted in this context that households (or persons within households) were segregated in sector (rural/urban) by their place of domicile, and not by the place of treatment.

o   Preference towards allopathy treatment was observed in cases of hospitalised treatment as well.



C. Cost of treatment – as in-patient and other:



o   Average medical expenditure per hospitalisation case: Higher amount was spent for treatment per hospitalised case by people in the private hospitals (₹ 25850) than in the public hospitals (₹ 6120). The highest expenditure was recorded for treatment of Cancer (₹ 56712) followed by that for Cardio-vascular diseases (₹ 31647).

o   Average medical expenditure per non-hospitalisation case was ₹ 509 in rural India and ₹ 639 in urban India.

o   As much as 86% of rural population and 82% of urban population were still not covered under any scheme of health expenditure support. Government, however, was able to bring about 12% urban and 13% rural population under health protection coverage through Rastriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) or similar plan. Only 12% households of the 5th quintile class (Usual Monthly Per Capita Consumer Expenditure) of urban area had some arrangement of medical insurance from private provider.

D.    Incidence of Childbirth, Expenditure on Institutional Childbirth:

o   In rural area 9.6% women (age 15-49) were pregnant at any time during the reference period of 365 days; for urban this proportion was 6.8%. Evidence of interrelation of place of childbirth with level of living is noted both in rural and urban areas.  In the rural areas, about 20% of the childbirths were at home or any other place other than the hospitals. The same for urban areas was 10.5%. Among the institutional childbirth, 55.5% took place in public hospital and 24% in private hospital in rural area. In urban area, however, the corresponding figures were 42% and 47.5% respectively.

o   An average of ₹ 5544 was spent per childbirth (as inpatient) in rural area and ₹ 11685 in urban area. The rural population spent, on an average, ₹ 1587 for the same in a public sector hospital and ₹ 14778 for one in a private sector hospital. The corresponding figures for urban India were ₹ 2117 and ₹ 20328.



A publication based on the above-cited Key-Indicators is also available on the website (www.mospi.gov.in) of the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation.

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Key Indicators of Social Consumption in India on Education Show Continued Gender Gap and Rural Urban Differences 

In rural areas, literacy rate was seen as 71% compared to 86% in urban areas. Also among persons of age 7 years and above male literacy rate being substantially higher (83%) than female literacy rate (67%).  Similarly it was found in the rural areas, nearly 4.5% of males and 2.2% of females completed education level of ‘graduation and above’ while in the urban areas 17% of males and 13% of females completed this level of education.

These were the details found from survey on “Social Consumption: Education” during National Sample Survey (NSS) 71st Round, January to June 2014 conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

Similar survey was conducted by NSSO during July 2007 - June 2008 as a part of its 64th Round. 

Other details of the survey  released by NSSO as the Key Indicators of Social Consumption in India: Education are as follows: 

In most of the countries, government spend a substantial amount of financial resources on the creation as well as running of the educational infrastructure. However, for availing such facilities, individuals pursuing education also incur expenditure in the form of tuition fees, examination fees, charges for stationery, books, etc. Though information on the expenditure incurred by the governments is available in budget documents, the data on education expenditure made by individuals have to be collected through specialised household surveys. The main objective of survey on ‘Social Consumption: Education’ was to assess the (a) participation of persons aged 5-29 years in pursuit of education, (b) extent of use of educational infrastructure, facilities and incentives provided by Government, (c) private expenditure incurred by households on education, (d) the extent of educational wastage in terms of dropping-out and discontinuance and its causes, and (e) IT literacy of persons aged 14 years and above.


The survey covered entire country with samples taken from 36,479 households in rural areas and 29,447 households in urban areas from 4,577 villages and 3,720 urban blocks.

Some key indicators on various aspects of social consumption on education in the country as obtained from the survey during January-June 2014 are as follows:


I.         Literacy[1] rates

·        Literacy rate among persons of age 7 years and above in India was 75%. In rural areas, literacy rate was 71% compared to 86% in urban areas.
·        Differences in literacy rate among persons of age 7 years and above was observed with male literacy rate being substantially higher (83%) than female literacy rate (67%).
·        Adult literacy (age 15 years and above) rate in India was around 71%. For adults also, literacy rate in rural areas was lower than that in urban areas. In rural areas, adult literacy rate was 64% as compared to 84% in urban areas.
II.         Accessibility of nearest primary, upper primary and secondary school

·        No significant difference between rural and urban India existed in terms of distance for physical access to primary schooling. In both rural and urban areas, nearly 99% households reported availability of primary school within 2 kms from the house.
·        For accessing educational institutions providing higher level of learning, say upper primary or secondary, a lower proportion of households in rural areas compared to the households in urban areas reported existence of such facilities within 2 kms.
·        Nearly 86% of rural households and 96% of urban households reported upper primary schools within a distance of 2 kms from the house while nearly 60% of rural households and 91% of urban households reported secondary schools at such a distance.

III.         Completed level of education among persons of age 5 years and above

·               The proportion of persons having completed higher level of education, say, graduation and above, was more in the urban areas than in the rural areas.
·               In the rural areas, nearly 4.5% of males and 2.2% of females completed education level of ‘graduation and above’ while in the urban areas 17% of males and 13% of females completed this level of education.

IV.         Attendance and enrolment

·        In both rural and urban areas, a very small proportion of persons (nearly 1 per cent) in the age group 5-29 years, were currently enrolled but not attending educational institutions.
·        In rural areas 58.7% of males and 53% of females in the 5-29 age-group were currently attending educational institution. In urban areas, the percentages being 57% for males and 54.6% for females.

V.            Attendance ratios
·        Gross Attendance Ratio for level ‘primary’ was nearly 100% for both males and females in rural and urban areas.
·        Gross Attendance Ratio at level ‘primary to higher secondary’ was 91% and 88% for rural males and females respectively, marginally lower as compared to 93% for both males and females in urban sector.
·        Net Attendance Ratio in India at primary level was 84% for male and 83% for female children in the age-group 6-10 years, the official age-group for Classes I-V.
·        There was no major rural-urban or male-female disparity at all-India level till elementary level (primary and upper primary) in the Net Attendance Ratio.  

VI.         Current attendance by type of education
·        In India nearly 85% of the students in age-group 15-29 years were pursuing general education
·        Nearly 12.6% and 2.4 % students in age-group 15-29 years were attending technical/professional and vocational courses respectively

VII.         Attendance by type of courses
·        Among the male students pursuing general education, 46% were pursuing humanities as compared to 54% of the female students, 35% of the male students were pursuing science compared to 28% female students and 20% of the male students were pursuing commerce compared to 18% of the female students.
·        Among the male students pursing technical/professional education, 46% were pursuing engineering compared to 29% of the female students and 4% of the male students were pursuing medicine (including nursing) compared to 14% of the female students.

VIII.         Type of institution attended

·        In rural areas, majority of the students were attending government institutions predominantly up to higher secondary levels, whereas a completely different picture was observed in urban areas.
·        In rural areas, 72% of the students at primary level, 76% at upper primary level and 64% at secondary & higher secondary level attended Government institutions, while in urban areas, 31% at primary level, 38% at upper primary level as well as  secondary & higher secondary level, attended Government institutions.

IX.         Incentives received
·        Almost 94% students from rural areas and 87% students from urban areas at primary level studying in government institutions were receiving free education.
·        At upper primary level, 89% students in rural areas and 80% students in urban areas, studying in government institutions were receiving free education.
·        At secondary and higher secondary level, 58% students in rural areas and 52% students in urban areas, studying in government institutions, received free education.
·        63% of students at primary level and 62% of students at upper primary level received mid-day meal.

X.         Private coaching
·        At the all-India level, nearly 26% of the students were taking private coaching.

XI.         Students staying in hostel
·        Nearly 5% of the students in India were staying in hostel for study.

XII.         Private expenditure on education

·      Average expenditure (₹) per student incurred and/or to be incurred during the current academic session was nearly ₹ 6788 for general education, ₹ 62841 for technical/professional (except vocational) and ₹ 27676 for vocational course
·      At primary level, expenditure per student in urban areas was ₹ 10083, more than four times than that in rural areas (₹ 2811).
·        Average expenditure on technical education in private aided & unaided institutions varied between nearly 1.5-2.5 times of that in government institutions.
·        Nearly 46% of the expenditure for general education and 73% of the expenditure for technical education was on course fee.
·        For students pursuing general courses, 15% was spent on private coaching as against 3% for students pursuing technical/professional education (including vocational).

XIII.         Never-enrolment and discontinuance of education
·        In India, nearly 11% of the persons of age 5-29 years in rural areas and 6% in urban areas never enrolled in any educational institution.
·        In India, proportion of persons in the age group 5-29 years dropping out/discontinued studies were nearly 33% in rural areas and 38% in urban areas.
·        For the males of age 5-29 years, engagement in economic activities was the most common reason for dropping out (30% in rural areas and 34% in urban areas), whereas for the females, the dominant reason was engagement in domestic activities (33% in rural areas and 23% in urban areas).
·        In rural areas, the major reason for  never enrolment for persons of age 5-29 years was ‘not interested in education’ (33% male and 27% female) while in urban areas, nearly 33% males and 30% females  in the age group 5-29 years never  enrolled  because of ‘financial contraints’.

XIV.         Access to computer and internet
·        Nearly 6% of rural households and 29% of urban household possessed computer.
·        In India, among households with at least one member of age 14 years and above, nearly 27% had internet access in the survey year, 2014. The proportions were 16% among rural households and 49% of urban households.
·        Among persons of age 14-29 years, nearly 18% in rural areas and 49% in urban areas were able to operate a computer.
A publication based on above cited Key Indicators is also available on the website (www.mospi.gov.in) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

 * A person who can read and write a simple message in any language with understanding is considered literate

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Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi holds meeting with ICCW to discuss their problems 

Asks members to formulate a strategy to upgrade the working of creches and anganwadis 

The Union Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi held a meeting with the members of the Indian Council for Child Welfare (ICCW) in New Delhi today. The meeting was called to discuss the various problems being faced by the members in running the crèches under the Creche scheme of Ministry of Women and Child Development as well as training of Anganwadi workers under the ICDS. 

ICCW is running 5300 crèches in 450 districts all over the country. The members highlighted the problem of low honorarium given to crèche workers and helpers, difficulty in setting up of crèches in conflict areas, outstanding payments to Anganwadi trainers by the state governments among others . 

Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi asked them to submit a formal representation to the Ministry giving the details of the issues and action needed so that the matter can be taken up with the Finance Ministry as well as the state governments. Expressing concern, the Minister said that it is a serious matter that the State Governments are adopting a careless and irresponsible attitude towards making timely payments to Anganwadi workers, anganwadi trainers for the services renederd by them. She said that the Ministry will get in touch with all the states and write to those states which are not making timely payment. She also took serious view on the working of ICDS on the last so many year which has resulted in high malnutrition level in children. 

The Minister said that the training of anganwadi workers is also not up to the mark as is evident from the fact that the anganwadi workers are lacking in knowledge of cleanliness, hygiene, good quality food to children etc. The malnutrition has been building up because the institutions have been going down systematically for the last many years and there is now an urgent need to revap the in time system. Smt Maneka Gandhi said. The Minister asked them to study the map of severe malnutrition areas and formulate a strategy to deal with the grave problem of malnutrition with the help of WCD Ministry . 

The ICCW members also requested for a separate budget for the inspection of crèches and anganwadi centers to ensure quality. They also highlighted the problem of court directions asking them to pay provident fund to the crèche workers. which is totally beyond the means of child welfare councils. 

Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi assured all help to the Council provided they come out with a well defined strategy and take active measures to ensure quality of services at creches and anganwadis. 

ICCW is an umbrella organization of NGOs and non-profit organizations working in the field of child welfare. The delegation of ICCW members was headed by the President of the organization Smt. Geeta Siddhartha. 

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Financial assistance from NSDF to Badminton Players selected under TOP Scheme 

            Following four Badminton players, selected under Target Olympic Podium (TOP) Scheme are undergoing training at Pullela Gopichand Badminton Academy, Hyderabad:
(1)   Shri P. Kashyap; (2)  Shri K. Srikanth; (3) Shri H. S. Prannoy; and (4) Shri Guru Saidutt  

The Academy required funding for purchase of equipment and for deployment of support personnel for the training of these players. The Ministry of Youth affairs and Sports has approved the assistance as per details given below:

S No
Item
Amount approved
1
Gym equipment (As per list at Annexure to this letter)
Rs 28,10,598.00 (Rupees Twenty eight lacs ten thousand five hundred ninety eight only)
2
Physiotherapist (One)*
Rs 40,000.00 per month
3
Masseur (One)*
Rs 20,000.00 per month
*Rs 30,000.00/- in addition for 2 & 3 above for their boarding & lodging

            The financial assistance from National Sports Development Fund (NSDF), approved under this sanction, is out of the contribution made by the India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (IIFCL), under its Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiative, to the Target Olympic Podium Scheme under the National Sports Development Fund.

            The amount sanctioned should be utilized only for the purpose for which it is sanctioned and unspent balance, if any, shall be refunded immediately after procurement of the equipments.

The facilities proposed to be acquired out of the financial assistance should be made available to the four Badminton players for optimum use as part of their training.  There is no objection to the Academy extending these facilities to other trainees when these are not put in use by the four players selected under TOP Scheme.

            While the equipments will presently be in the custody of the Academy for use, the ownership of these equipments will be with SAI.  Academy shall provide necessary documents to SAI for the purpose.  An MoU will be signed between the academy & SAI for use the equipment apart from the use by the said 4 players under TOP Scheme.  Academy will be responsible for maintenance and AMC of equipment.  

            The provisions for engagement of support persons will take effect from the date(s) of their engagement.  The validity of the arrangement will normally be till Olympic Games 2016.


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