Uniformity in Prices of Drugs




Uniformity in Prices of Drugs

Under DPCO, 2013, ceiling prices fixed and notified in generic name of medicines are applicable to all brands of the same medicines as specified in Schedule-I of the said order. No person is authorized to sell any scheduled formulation (medicine) to a consumer at a price exceeding the price notified by the NPPA. In respect of medicines not under price control, manufacturers are allowed to increase maximum retail price (MRP) by 10% annually.


The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Policy (NPPP) was notified on 7th December, 2012 with the objective to put in place a regulatory framework for pricing of drugs so as to ensure availability of required medicines –“essential medicines” at reasonable prices even while providing sufficient opportunity for innovation and competition to support the growth of pharma industry thereby meeting the goals of employment and shared economic well-being for all. It aims to bring the prices of essential medicines, as listed under National List of Essential Medicines-2011, under price control.

The Department of Pharmaceuticals has notified the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Policy -2012 under which the prices of National List of Essential Medicines-2011 are to be controlled & regulated on the basis of Simple Average Price of all the brands having market share (on the basis of Moving Annual Turnover) more than and equal to 1% of the total market turnover of that medicine.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Chemicals & Fertilizers Shri Hansraj Gangaram Ahir in reply to an Unstarred Question in the Lok Sabha today.

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Union Minister of Agriculture meet with the Minister of Agriculture, the People's Republic of China

Agriculture Minister Shri Radha Mohan Singh here today welcomed Mr. Han Changfu, Minister of Agriculture of the People's Republic of China and the accompanying delegation on India's current tour. Shri Singh said that "India attaches high priority to its relations with China and is committed to further develop friendly and cooperative relations with China”.

Shri Singh said that relation between the two countries have witnessed all-round progress in recent years. High-level political exchanges and economic interactions have expanded and also a healthy momentum of high level exchanges on the sidelines of multilateral events has also been maintained by both countries. Both countries have established strategic and cooperative partnership for peace and prosperity. Our countries are the fastest growing economies in the world, and our relationship has acquired regional, global and strategically significance.

Agriculture Minister informed that MOU in the field of Agriculture was signed between the two countries in 2006 and not much progress has been achieved so far. Both countries need to work together to identify new projects for adding momentum to the cooperation under the ambit of the MOU and meetings of Joint Working Groups be convened regularly. The two countries have signed a document on a “Shared Vision for 21 Century " that reflects the congruence of our interests and willingness to work on regional and international issues.

Shri Singh said that during the year 2013-14, India exported agricultural products worth Rs 2,68,000 crore. During the same period agricultural imports from China were US $ 304.31 million. China has been importing a large number of agricultural commodities from other countries and India has the potential to export those commodities to China. Both countries can work together to explore ways for increasing bilateral trade between the two countries. There is great potential for trade of livestock products, basmati and non-basmati rice, fresh fruits and vegetables.

Minister said that in order to enhance bilateral trade in agriculture and other commodities, both countries need to sort out sanitary and phytosanitary issues for which discussion and exchanges at appropriate levels are progressing satisfactorily and hoped that all outstanding sanitary and phytosanitary issues will settled expeditiously.

Shri Singh said that both countries have enjoyed excellent neighbourly relations with strong interaction of common interests and hope that today’s meeting will further boost and strengthens our bi-lateral relations.and wisheds for pleasant stay of delegation in India

Minister informed that China's Agriculture Minister has already met him in Brazil and he will also met him at the G-20 meeting in Istanbul, Turkey where further discussion on the issues will take place.

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Psychometric Test Mandatory for AI Trainee Pilots

Air India has made psychometric test mandatory for the recruitment of Trainee Pilots (Commercial Pilot License Holders). However, candidates recruited as Cabin Crew are not subjected to any psychometric test. The recruitment test for the post of Trainee Cabin Crew was conducted by Indian Institute of Psychometry on 11th January, 2015 at Delhi and Chennai. As many as 401 candidates were called for the written test and 394 candidates appeared, out of which 357 candidates qualified the same.

No change in the medical standards of pilots is proposed as they are in line with ICAO requirements. However, many airlines are carrying out psychometric test of pilots at the time of induction.

This information was given by Minister of State for Civil Aviation, Dr. Mahesh Sharma in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today.

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Enough foodgrains to meet requirement of Targeted Public Distribution System


The Government of India ensures minimum Food reserve in its godowns at any given point of time. Stocks are released to meet requirement of Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) and other welfare schemes as per the demand of the respective State/ UT, on continuous basis, following First In First Out (FIFO) principle. Stocks equivalent or more are continuously replenished in Food Corporation of India (FCI) godowns on continuous basis. Stocks are moved from surplus states to deficient States. This information was given by the Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Shri Ram Vilas Paswan in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

The Minister said that covered storage is being progressively augmented and foodgrain stock is being liquidated within 2 years of procurement. FCI has augmented its storage capacity based on an identification of gap through State Level Committees under Private Entrepreneurs Guarantee (PEG) Scheme as stated below:


YEAR
CAPACITY CREATED UNDER PEG SCHEME(FIG IN LMT)
2010-11
2.0
2011-12
26.17
2012-13
40.66
2013-14
49.88
2014-15(31-03-15)
8.30

He said that FCI has also planned to modernize its existing storage capacity by construction of modern silos in PPP mode.

Steps taken by FCI to preserve the quality of procured Food grains during Storage are :

1.                  Before the commencement of Rabi and Kharif Marketing Seasons, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, Department of Food & Public Distribution, Govt. of India issues uniform specifications for procurement of foodgrains for the Central Pool.   These uniform specifications are circulated to F.C.I. and all State Govts./Agencies with instructions to ensure that foodgrains are procured strictly in accordance with the uniform specifications.

2.         Foodgrains procured by F.C.I. and State Govts/Agencies are stored in covered godowns as well as in CAP (cover and plinth).

3.         During storage, the following steps are taken for safe storage and preservations of foodgrains:-

Covered godowns:-

·         Godowns are constructed on scientific lines making it rodent proof by having  proper height and damp proof by providing pucca floor.
·         Before the stocks are stored, the godown is properly cleaned and cobwebs etc., if any, are removed.
·         Floor and walls are treated with chemicals such as air charging with Malathion and DDVP (insecticide) to make them pest free.
·         Markings are provided for stacks and the dunnage material is used on which foodgrains bags are arranged as per the stack plan.
·         Prophylactic (spraying of insecticides) and curative measures (fumigation) are carried out regularly for the control of insects/pests.
·         Effective rodent control measures are also undertaken.
·         Following checks /super checks are conducted in the godowns to ensure proper preservation of foodgrains in storage.
·         Fortnightly inspection of stocks on 100% basis by Technical Assistants for declaring categorization & classification.
·         Monthly inspection by Manager (QC) – 33% of stocks (1/3rd of stocks) in a month.   Monthly inspection reports (MIR) of Manager (QC) are scrutinized at Zonal level.   Suggestions made therein are to be implemented and monitored through action taken reports (ATR)
·         Quarterly inspection by AGM (QC)

The following inspection schedule is prescribed for AGM (Quality Control):-

Ø  1/3rd of depots in a month so as to cover all the depots in the District in three months.
Ø  5% of stocks are to be checked in a depot having capacity of more than 25000 MTs.
Ø  10% of stocks in respect of depot having less than 25000 MTs
Ø  Squad Inspection Reports (SIR) of AGM(QC) are scrutinized in Zonal office.
     
CAP (COVER & PLINTH)

·         In case of shortage of covered storage space, foodgrains may have to be stored in open in CAP. Every care is taken for maintenance of quality of grains, while kept in CAP. Rats, birds and moisture are the main enemies of grain in CAP storage. In view of the risk involved, this type of storage is attempted as a last resort. The following precautions are taken for proper storage of foodgrains in CAP Storage:-

·         The site selected for CAP is above the adjoining ground and away from nallahs and drainage to prevent any flooding of CAP storage during rainy season.

·         CAP storage site is cleared of all plants/shrubs growth and disinfested with   DDVP.

·         Anti-termite measures are taken in CAP/Open storage.

·         Adequate dunnage is provided for all stacks in CAP/open storage, Wooden Crates are preferred.  However, cement blocks, wooden rafters, causurina poles and granite blocks, according to local availability, have also been used successfully.  The dunnage material is cleaned and disinfected either by fumigation or by treating with contact insecticides such as DDVP.

·         In the CAP, Stacks are built in the form of dome( inverted ‘U’) to facilitate easy flow of rain water and prevent accumulation of water on the top.

·         To protect the stocks from rain, sun, dew, birds, rodents etc. each stack is covered with a polythene cover especially made for this purpose. The poylthene cover mounted on the stack is properly lashed by nylon ropes vertically to prevent damage to the covers due to high velocity winds, rains, dusts, storms etc.

·         Regular prophylactic and curative measures are carried out for the control of stored grain insect pests in CAP storage.  Rodent control measures are also taken by fumigating the rat burrows with aluminium phosphide or by poisoning the rodents with Zinc Phosphide.

·         Moisture is the major factor responsible for adversely affecting the quality of foodgrains in CAP and is controlled by regular aeration of stocks during clear weather days.

·         Technical Assistant concerned checks the stocks on fortnightly basis followed by Super checks by Senior Officers.

·         Stocks held in CAP are generally issued/moved on Priority based on the principle of” First in First Out” (FIFO).

·         Damage Monitoring Cell (DMC) have been set up at District/Regional/Zonal Level and is regularly monitoring accrual of damaged stocks with a view to minimise the accrual of damaged foodgrain.

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Uniformity in Prices of Drugs Uniformity in Prices of Drugs Reviewed by Ajit Kumar on 9:35 AM Rating: 5

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