President of India to present Presidential Awards for Classical Tamil



President of India to present Presidential Awards for Classical Tamil

The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee will present the ‘Presidential Awards for Classical Tamil’ for the year 2011-12 and 2012-13 tomorrow (May 14, 2015) at a function at Rashtrapati Bhavan.


The Presidential Awards for Classical Tamil were instituted to give recognition and honour to distinguished scholars who have made outstanding contribution to Classical Tamil language and literature. These awards include one Tholkappiar Award for life time achievement to an Indian scholar for outstanding contribution in the field of Tamil studies; two Kural Peedam Award for eminent scholars of Classical Tamil of non-Indian origin and five ‘Young Scholar Awards’ for young scholars in the age group of 30-40 years for showing interest and excellence in Tamil studies with publications.

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President’s message on the occasion of birth anniversary of Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed

The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee in message to the Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed Memorial Committee which is organizing the 40th National Solidarity Day to commemorate the 110th Birth Anniversary of former President of India, Late Shri Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed on May 13, 2015 has said:-

“Shri Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was a great son of India who represented the best qualities of our tradition and civilization. An ardent nationalist and able administrator, Shri Ahmed played an important role in our freedom struggle. His selfless service, humanism and deep sensitivity will always be remembered.

On this occasion, I pay homage to this great son of India and wish the celebrations every success.”

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President pays homage to Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed on his birth anniversary

The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee paid homage to Shri Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, former President of India on his Birth Anniversary at Rashtrapati Bhavan today (May 13, 2015).

The President, officers and staff paid floral tributes in front of a portrait of Shri Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed in the Durbar Hall of Rashtrapati Bhavan.


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PM expresses concern over the news of attack in Kabul


The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has expressed concern over the news of attack in Kabul.

"In the aircraft I got news about the attack in Kabul. Am concerned about the situation and I pray for everyone's safety", the Prime Minister said.

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PM welcomes the passing of Black Money Bill in the Parliament


The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has welcomed the passing of Black Money Bill in the Parliament.

"Passing of Black Money Bill is a historic milestone. Personally, I am very delighted. It indicates the priority we attach to the issue", the Prime Minister said.

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PM expresses happiness over the tremendous response among the people, generated by recently launched Social Security Schemes


The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has expressed happiness over the tremendous response among the people, generated by recently launched Social Security Schemes.

"Social Security Schemes launched last week have generated a tremendous response among people. This is very heartening to see.

Officials told me that over 50 lakh people have enrolled for the schemes in the last 2 days. Congrats to the people and officials.

In Guj's Punsari village, Panchayat has decided to pay the premium for the Social Security schemes launched. A great gesture", the Prime Minister said.

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PM speaks to Prime Minister of United Kingdom (UK)


The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, has spoken to Mr. David Cameron, the Prime Minister of United Kingdom (UK), today.

"I spoke to PM David Cameron and congratulated him on his victory and conveyed my good wishes to him and his entire team.

I told Mr. David Cameron that such an impressive win while being the incumbent PM makes his victory even more special.

We both look forward to working together to further enhance co-operation between India and UK on a wide range of issues", the Prime Minister said.


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Russian President speaks to the PM


Russian President, Mr. Vladimir Putin has spoken on the phone to the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today.

"President Putin called me a short while ago. We discussed various issues of mutual concern", the Prime Minister said.

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PM speaks to Prime Minister of Nepal


The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has spoken to Prime Minister of Nepal, Shri Sushil Koirala, on the situation arising due to yesterday's tremors.

"PM Sushil Koirala and I had a telephonic conversation. We reviewed the situation arising due to yesterday's tremors.

I assured PM Koirala of all possible co-operation from our side in the wake of the earthquake", the Prime Minister said.

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PM condemns the attack in Karachi


The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has condemned the attack in Karachi.

"The attack in Karachi is deeply saddening and utterly condemnable. Our thoughts are with the families of the deceased.

We stand firmly with the people of Pakistan in this hour of grief. I wish all those injured a quick recovery", the Prime Minister said.


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Audio-Visual Co-Production Agreement between India and Republic of Korea

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval for entering into an Audio-Visual Co-Production Agreement between India and the Republic of Korea (RoK) and to complete internal ratification procedure, to enable the agreement to come into force.

The Agreement will be signed during the forthcoming visit of the Prime Minister to RoK.

Cooperation between the film industries of the two countries will not only promote export of Indian films but would also act as a catalyst towards creating awareness about India and its culture. This will help in increasing bilateral trade between both countries.

The following benefits are expected to accrue, from the proposed agreement on a Government-to-Government basis:

i.        Producers from both countries would get an opportunity to pool their creative, artistic, technical, financial and marketing resources to co-produce films.

ii.       It will boost bilateral ties.

iii.      It will lead to exchange of art and culture among the two countries and create goodwill and better understanding among the peoples of both the countries.

iv.      Co-productions would provide an opportunity to create and showcase the 'soft power' of India.

v.       It would lead to generation of employment among artistic, technical as well as non-technical personnel engaged in the arena of film production including post-production and its marketing, thus adding to the country's GDP.

vi.      The utilization of Indian locales for shooting raises the visibility / prospects of India as a preferred film shooting destination across the globe.

vii.     It will lead to inflow of foreign exchange into the country,

viii.    It will lead to transparent funding of film production.

Background

RoK is a major East Asian country with which India has been able to establish a multifaceted relationship over a period of time. The audiovisual co-production agreement would open up new frontiers for the film industries of both countries. An audiovisual co-production agreement between India and RoK is expected to open doors for wide ranging collaboration and lead to strengthening of India’s cultural presence in an important part of the world.

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Memorandum of Understanding between India and Mongolia on cooperation in the field of Traditional Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval for signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for cooperation in the field of Traditional Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy between India and Mongolia.

The signing of the proposed MoU, will enhance bilateral cooperation between the two countries in the areas of traditional medicine. This will be of immense importance to both countries considering their shared historical and cultural legacy.

The MoU will provide a structured framework for cooperation between the two countries for the promotion of Indian Traditional Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy in Mongolia.

Background:

India is blessed with well-developed systems of traditional medicine including medicinal plants, which hold tremendous potential in the global health scenario. Traditional medicine is a significant component of Mongolian health care. 'Sowa Rigpa' is one of the Indian Traditional Systems of Medicine which is practiced in the Trans-Himalayan region and higher Himalayan parts of India. It is reported that a system similar to it is widely practiced in Mongolia as Traditional Mongolian Medicine.

India and Mongolia have interacted through history over a period of 2600 years. Following the emergence of Mongolia as a modern nation state in the 20th Century, the two countries had continued to build relations based on shared historical and cultural legacy. In the recent years, the relationship between the two countries have been marked by close contacts at high level, including cooperation in the field of health and medicine.

The Ministry of AYUSH as a part of its mandate to propagate Indian systems of Medicine globally had signed a MoU with the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (SATCM), China, Malaysia, Trinidad & Tobago, Hungary, Bangladesh and Nepal for cooperation in traditional medicine. Recently, a MoU on cooperation in the field of Traditional Medicine & Homoeopathy was signed with Mauritius during the visit of the Prime Minister to Mauritius in March. A MoU on cooperation in the field of traditional medicine, has already been approved by the Cabinet for signing with Serbia.

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Memorandum of Understanding between India and Korea on cooperation in the fields of maritime transport and logistics

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval for signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for cooperation with the Republic of Korea in the fields of maritime transport and logistics.

The MoU envisages cooperation in the fields of maritime transport and logistics between the two countries, to enhance cooperation between the two countries in:

i.        the fields of maritime transport and logistics through sharing of technologies,

ii.       information and experiences,

iii.      training of seafarers and port operation,

iv.      development of relationship in the field of international maritime transport on the principle of equality and mutual benefits,

v.       facilitate cooperation and partnerships between the maritime transport and logistics-related organizations and companies of the two countries,

vi.      utilization, development and management of domestic and overseas ports,

vii.     joint businesses,

viii.    exchange of experts in the field of maritime transport and logistics,

ix.      conducting research on maritime developments and

x.       other forms of cooperation that may be jointly decided upon by the two sides.


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Memorandum of Understanding between India and Korea on cooperation in the field of electric power development and new energy industries

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval for signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and the Republic of Korea on cooperation in the field of electric power development and new energy industries.

This MoU will provide an enabling framework for establishing contact between governmental entities and public authorities of both countries in the field of electric power development and new energy industries. It would also facilitate exchange of knowledge and experience aiming to create opportunities for investment in both countries.

The MoU is also expected to take forward development in the power sector for providing equitable access to reliable electricity supply to consumers through bilateral cooperation.

The focus of attention will be bilateral cooperation in the areas of electric power development, renewable energy, smart grids and power Information and Technology, transmission and distribution of electric power, energy efficiency and energy storage systems, etc. Measures in these areas will improve energy security and reliability of supply, improve energy access and facilitate sustainable economic growth.

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Approval for signing of MoU between India and Mongolia for enhancing cooperation in Border Guarding, Policing and Surveillance

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval for signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Mongolia for cooperation in Border Guarding, Policing and Surveillance.

The MoU will strengthen bilateral cooperation in the field of Border Management as both the countries' borders are porous and have difficult terrain.

The MoU will also increase effectiveness in border security co-operation and best practices sharing. This would help in providing necessary peaceful ambience which is a prerequisite for the development of society as a whole.

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Memorandum of Understanding between India and China on cooperation in the fields of mining and mineral sector

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval for signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and the People’s Republic of China on cooperation in the field of mining and mineral sector.

The MOU will provide an institutional mechanism between India and the People's Republic of China on cooperation in the field of mining and mineral sector.

The MoU will help in exchange of information on resources, laws and policy; organization of seminars to exchange views on development strategies; encouragement of transfer of technologies and promotion of value addition.

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Approval to amend the Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988

As a sequel to the announcement in the Budget, the Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval to amend the Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988 by moving of the Benami Transactions (Prohibition) (Amendment) Bill, 2015 in Parliament.

The Bill provides for attachment and confiscation of benami properties and also fine with imprisonment. This is one more initiative to fight the menace of black money inside the country.

The Department of Revenue in consultation with the Legislative Department has amended the Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988.

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Approval for signing of agreement between the India and Mongolia on the transfer of sentenced persons

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval for signing of an agreement between India and Mongolia on the transfer of sentenced persons.

Signing and ratification of the agreement on transfer of sentenced persons between India and the Mongolia will enable sentenced persons to be near their families, and would help in the process of their social rehabilitation. Once the agreement is signed and ratified, Mongolian convicted prisoners can be transferred to their home country and prisoners of Indian origin can be brought to India, to serve the remaining part of their sentence.

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Extension of tenure of the Memorandum of Understanding signed between India and China on Cooperation in Traditional Medicine

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval for Extension of tenure of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between India and the China State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (SATCM) on Cooperation in Traditional Medicine. The MoU had expired on January 13, 2013 on completion of its validity period of 5 years from 14.01.2008 (the date of its signing).

The signing of the proposed MoU, will enhance bilateral cooperation between the two countries in the field of traditional medicine; which will immensely benefit both countries.

Background

Both India and China are blessed with well-developed scientific systems of Traditional Medicine which hold tremendous potential for global health. Recognising this fact, the then Ambassador of India in China requested the Ministry (the then Department) to initiate the MoU for cooperation in Traditional Medicine with SATCM, the organisation directly responsible for regulation of Traditional Chinese Medicine in China. Accordingly, the Ministry of AYUSH (the then Department), as a part of its mandate to propagate Indian systems of Medicine globally had signed a MoU with the SATCM of the People's Republic of China on 14th January, 2008 during the visit of the then Prime Minister of India to China.

To build on the friendly relationships between the two countries under the present Government, the Ministry of AYUSH has sought to further develop and strengthen cooperation in the field of Traditional Medicine. The recent impetus given to bilateral relations between the two countries, consequent to the visit of the Chinese President to India and the visit of the Indian External Affairs Minister to China, underscore the significance for extension of the MoU for enhancing cooperation in the field of Traditional Medicine.

The Ministry of AYUSH as a part of its mandate to propagate Indian Systems of Medicine globally has taken effective steps by entering into MoUs with the Malaysia; Trinidad & Tobago; Hungary, Bangladesh, Nepal and Mauritius. Another MoU is proposed to be signed with Serbia.

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Approval to signing of an agreement between India and China in the field of tourism

The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval to enter into an agreement between India and China for strengthening cooperation in the field of tourism. The agreement will be signed during the forthcoming visit of the Prime Minister to China.

The agreement will help both countries in creating an institutional mechanism for enhancing cooperation in the tourism sector.

The main objectives of this agreement, amongst other things, are:

i.        To expand bilateral cooperation in the tourism sector.

ii.       To exchange information and data related to tourism.

iii.      To encourage cooperation between tourism stakeholders including hotels and tour operators.

iv.      To establish exchange programmes for cooperation in Human Resource Development.

v.       To invest in the tourism and hospitality sectors.

vi.      To participate in travel fairs / exhibitions in each other’s country.

vii.     To promote safe, honourable and sustainable tourism.

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Approval to comprehensive New Urea Policy 2015

Nutrient Based Subsidy rates for Phosphatic and Potassic fertilizers for the year 2015-16

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval to a comprehensive New Urea Policy 2015 for the next four financial years. The Policy has multiple objectives of maximizing indigenous urea production and promoting energy efficiency in urea units to reduce the subsidy burden on the Government. Savings in energy shall reduce the carbon-footprint and would thus be more environment friendly. It will enable the domestic urea sector having 30 urea producing units, to become more energy efficient, would rationalize the subsidy burden and incentivize urea units to maximize their production at the same time. The policy will ensure timely supply of urea to farmers at same Maximum Retail Price (MRP) with lesser financial burden on the exchequer. It will also reduce import dependency in the urea sector.

Urea units would adopt best available technology in the world and will become globally more competitive. The Policy will result in direct saving of subsidy of around Rs. 2618 crore and indirect saving of Rs. 2211 crore (total savings will be Rs.4829 crore) on account of revised specific energy consumption norms and import substitution respectively during the next four years. It is expected to result in additional production of around 20 lakh/MT annually.

Farmers, the urea industry and Government of India would benefit from the New Urea Policy.

Earlier the Government had approved gas pooling policy under which all urea units would get gas at a uniform price.

Government had also already decided in January to allow urea producers to produce neem coated urea upto 100 percent of production and making it mandatory to produce a minimum of 75 percent of domestic urea as neem coated, so that farmers are benefitted. Neem coated urea is required less in quantity with same plot size and gives higher crop yields. Underground water contamination due to leaching of urea also gets reduced with neem coating since nitrogen in the neem coated urea gets released to plants very slowly. Neem coated urea is not fit for industrial use, so chances of its illegal diversion to industries will also be lesser.

The MRP of urea for the farmers has been kept the same at Rs. 268/- per bag of 50 kgs. excluding local taxes. Farmers have to pay an additional price of only Rs.14/- per bag of neem coated urea.

The movement plan for urea would continue to be given by the Government every month to urea suppliers, to ensure its timely and adequate availability, in all parts of the country.

Earlier the Government had also decided to revive closed urea units at Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh and Barauni in Bihar to produce and additional 26 lakh tonnes. Joint venture agreements among various stakeholders were signed in December, 2014 and January, 2015 for revival of the closed Talcher urea unit in Odisha and Ramagundam in Telangana. These two units shall also increase domestic production of urea by 26 lakh tonnes.

By all these measures, import dependency of India for urea is likely to reduce drastically. Presently, India is importing about 80 lakh metric tonnes of urea out of total demand of 310 lakh metric tonnes.

Government today also decided to continue the existing subsidy rates for Phosphatic and Potassic (P&K) fertilizers (22 grades including DAP, Single Super Phosphate (SSP), Muriate of Potash (MOP), etc.) under the Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) policy for the current year. Subsidy rate for DAP remains same at Rs 12350/- per metric tonne while it is Rs 9300/- for MOP. Separate subsidy for boron and zinc coated fertilizers has also been continued.

Movement plan for P&K fertilizers has also been freed to reduce monopoly of few companies in a particular area so that any company can sell any P&K fertilizer in any part of the country. Rail freight subsidy has been decided to be given on a lump sum basis so that the companies economise on transport. This will help farmers and reduce pressure on the railway network. The Government continues to have legal tools to direct fertilizer suppliers to supply fertilizers in any part of the country where there would be any shortage.

There are 19 units producing phosphatic fertilizers and 103 units making SSP. The entire requirement (approximately 30 lakh Metric Tonnes) of MOP is met from imports, since there is no resource of potash in India. About 90 percent of the phosphates are imported.

Subsidy would be payable to suppliers only after fertilizers are received in the districts and final settlement of subsidy claims will continue to be done only after acknowledgement of receipt of fertilizers by retailers. Quality certificates are to be given by the respective State Governments within six months from the receipt of fertilizers. If quality is sub-standard, subsidy will not be given to fertilizer suppliers.

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Approval to Namami Gange - Integrated Ganga Conservation Mission / Programme under National Ganga River Basin Authority

The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi today approved the flagship “Namami Gange” Program which integrates the efforts to clean and protect the Ganga river in a comprehensive manner. The program has a budget outlay of Rs. 20,000 crore for the next 5 years. This is a significant four-fold increase over the expenditure in the past 30 years (Government of India incurred an overall expenditure of approximately Rs. 4000 crore on this task since 1985).

Marking a major shift in implementation, the Government is focusing on involving people living on the banks of the river to attain sustainable results. Drawing from the lessons learnt from previous implementation, the program also focuses on involving the States and grassroots level institutions such as Urban Local Bodies and Panchayati Raj Institutions in implementation. The program would be implemented by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), and its state counterpart organizations i.e., State Program Management Groups (SPMGs). NMCG will also establish field offices wherever necessary. In order to improve implementation, a three-tier mechanism has been proposed for project monitoring comprising of a) High level task force chaired by Cabinet Secretary assisted by NMCG at national level, b) State level committee chaired by Chief Secretary assisted by SPMG at state level and c) District level committee chaired by the District Magistrate.

In order to ramp up progress, the Centre will now take over 100% funding of various activities/ projects under this program. Taking a leaf from the unsatisfactory results of the earlier Ganga Action Plans, the Centre now plans to provide for operation & maintenance of the assets for a minimum 10 year period, and adopt a PPP/SPV approach for pollution hotspots. In an attempt to bolster enforcement the Centre also plans to establish a 4-battalion Ganga Eco-Task Force, a Territorial Army unit, apart from contemplating on a legislation that aims to check pollution and protect the river.

The program emphasizes on improved coordination mechanisms between various Ministries/Agencies of Central and State governments. Major infrastructure investments which fall under the original mandate of other ministries viz. Urban Development (UD), Drinking Water & Sanitation (DWS), Environment Forests & Climate Change (EF&CC) etc., will be undertaken in addition.

‘Namami Gange’ will focus on pollution abatement interventions namely Interception, diversion & treatment of wastewater flowing through the open drains through bio-remediation / appropriate in-situ treatment / use of innovative technologies / sewage treatment plants (STPs) / effluent treatment plant (ETPs); rehabilitation and augmentation of existing STPs and immediate short term measures for arresting pollution at exit points on river front to prevent inflow of sewage etc.

Significantly the approach is underpinned by socio-economic benefits that the program is expected to deliver in terms of job creation, improved livelihoods and health benefits to the vast population that is dependent on the river.

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Approval to move official amendments to the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2012

The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval for moving official amendments to the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2012.

The Official Amendments along with the Amendment Bill 2012 proposes to make the following salient amendments to the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986:-

1.       Employment of children below 14 years prohibited in all occupations and processes and age of prohibition of employment linked to age under Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. However, an exception has been made:

a)      where the child helps his family or family enterprises, which is other than any hazardous occupations or processes set forth in the Schedule, after his school hours or during vacations;

b)      where the child works as an artist in an audio-visual entertainment industry, including advertisement, films, television serials or any such other entertainment or sports activities except the circus, subject to such conditions and safety measures, as may be prescribed and provided that such work does not affect the school education of the child.

The Cabinet has approved the proposal for prohibition of employment of a child below 14 years However, while considering a total prohibition on the employment of child, it would be prudent to also keep in mind the country’s social fabric and socio-economic conditions. In a large number of families, children help their parents in their occupations like agriculture, artisanship etc. and while helping the parents, children also learn the basics of occupations. Therefore, striking a balance between the need for education for a child and the reality of the socio-economic condition and social fabric in the country, the Cabinet has approved that a child can help his family or family enterprise, which is other than any hazardous occupation or process, after his school hours or during vacation. Also, an exception has been made for a child working as artist in an audio-visual entertainment industry, except the circus, provided that the school education of the child is not affected.

2.      A new definition of adolescent has been introduced in the CLPR Act and employment of adolescents (14 to 18 years of age) has been prohibited in hazardous occupations and processes. These provisions would go a long way in protecting adolescents from the employment not suitable to their age.

3.      Stricter punishment for employers for violation of the Act has been proposed to act as a deterrent:

a)      In case of first offence of employing any child or adolescent in contravention of the Act, penalty would be imprisonment for a term not less than six months but which may extend to two years or with fine not less than Rs.20,000/-, but which may extend to Rs.50,000/- or with both. Earlier penalty for employing any child in contravention of the Act, was imprisonment for term not less than three months but which may extend to one year, or with fine not less than Rs.10,000/-, but which may extend to Rs. 20,000/- or with both.

b)      In case of a second or subsequent offence of employing any child or adolescent in contravention of the Act, the minimum imprisonment would be one year which may extend to three years. Earlier penalty for second or subsequent offence of employing any child in contravention of the Act, was imprisonment for a minimum term of six months which may extend to two years.

4.      Offence of employing any child or adolescent in contravention of the Act by an employer has been made cognizable. This provision would act as a deterrent against the offence of employing a child or adolescent in contravention of the Act.

5.       Punishment for parents/guardians: In the Principal Act, the same punishment was provided for parents/guardians for permitting a child to work in contravention of the Act, as prescribed for the employer of the child. However, taking a realistic view of the socio-economic conditions of the parents/guardians, there would be no punishment in case of a first offence by the parents/guardians and in case of a second and subsequent offence, the penalty would be a fine which may extend to Rs.10,000.

6.      Constitution of Child and Adolescent Labour Rehabilitation Fund for one or more districts for the rehabilitation of the child or adolescent rescued. Thus, the Act itself will provide for a fund to carry out rehabilitation activities.

Background:

The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act (CLPR Act) 1986 prohibits employment of a child in 18 occupations and 65 processes and regulates the conditions of working of children in other occupations/ processes. As per this Act a child means any person who has not completed 14 years of age. The Act provides punishment for the offence of employing or permitting employment of any child in contravention of the provisions of this Act.


The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 enjoins the State to ensure free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of 6 to 14 years. A corollary to this would be that if a child is in the work place, he would miss school. Thus, the CLPR Act is not aligned to the RTE Act as it permits employment of child below 14 years in occupations/processes not prohibited. Further, CLPR Act is not in conformity with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) Conventions 138 and 182, which provide for minimum age of entry into employment and prohibition of employment of persons below 18 years, in work which is likely to harm health, safety and morals.
President of India to present Presidential Awards for Classical Tamil President of India to present Presidential Awards for Classical Tamil Reviewed by Ajit Kumar on 10:33 AM Rating: 5

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