Women Subjected to Marital Rape

Women Subjected to Marital Rape

The Ministry of External Affairs and Ministry of Women and Child Development have reported that UN Committee on Elimination of Discrimination against Women has recommended to India interalia, to criminalise marital rape. The Law Commission of India, while making its 172nd Report on Review of Rape Laws, did not recommend criminalization of marital rape by amending the Exception to Section 375 of the Indian Penal Code and hence presently there is no proposal to bring any amendment to the IPC in this regard.

It is considered that the concept of marital rape, as understood internationally, cannot be suitably applied in the Indian context due to various factors e.g. level of education/illiteracy, poverty, myriad social customs and values, religious beliefs, mindset of the society to treat the marriage as a sacrament, etc.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Haribhai Parathibhai Chaudhary in a written reply to a question by Smt. Kanimozhi in the Rajya Sabha today.


New Delhi to Host Grand International Buddha Poornima Celebration

Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Kiren Rijiju today briefed the media and said the following:

“The International Buddhist Confederation (IBC) with full support of Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India is hosting a historic celebration of the Buddha Poornima “International Buddha Poornima Diwas Celebration 2015” on 4th of May at Talkatora Stadium in New Delhi. Shri Kiren Rijiju is the Chairman of the Celebration Committee.

The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will be the Chief Guest and the Minister of State (I/C) of Tourism, Culture and Civil Aviation, Dr. Mahesh Sharma will be the Guest of Honour. Host of dignitaries, Hon’ble Members of Parliaments, Ambassadors, Eminent Scholars, Buddhist Monks and Nuns from India and various countries will attend the event. Large number of followers of Buddha Dharma from all over India will attend the event.

On this occasion, the Prime Minister will lead the nation in prayers and solidarity with the people and nation of Nepal - the land of birth of Buddha and all those affected in India and Tibetan Autonomous Region.

Buddha Poornima or Vesak is recognized as the thrice sacred day that marks the Birth, Enlightenment and Mahaparinirvana of Lord Buddha. While Buddha was born in Lumbini in Nepal, he attained enlightenment in Bodhgaya in Bihar, Preached first in Sarnath and Nirvana in Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh.

It is unfortunate that this most auspicious and sacred day associated with Buddha, the greatest messenger of peace and gift to humanity, which is celebrated all over the world and also recognized as UN Day of Vesak didn’t receive the official sanction and support in India, the land of origins of Buddha Dharma. Only twice in independent history of India, the day was officially commemorated in 1956 and 2008. The grand 2500th Buddha Jayanti celebrations in 1956 was officially hosted by Govt. of India in Bodhgaya, the holiest site for Buddhists, under the leadership of then Prime Minister late Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru. In 2007, the 2550th anniversary of Buddha’s Mahaparinirvana was hosted in Kushinagar.

The move to host International Buddha Poornima Diwas Celebration 2015 was initiated under the aegis of International Buddhist Confederation (IBC) by Shri Kiren Rijiju and the Prime Minster Shri Narendra Modi who has accorded the importance in preservation and promotion of shared heritage and development of Buddhist pilgrimage and heritage circuit in top priority.

It was from India that Buddhism spread to other parts of the world, with the efforts of Emperor Ashoka who in the 3rd century sent his son Mahendra and daughter Sanghamitra to Sri Lanka, followed by ambassadors of the religion to the west through Afghanistan and the Middle East, even as far as Greece according to many historians. In the centuries that followed, Tibet, China, Korea, Japan and most of Southeast Asia too came under the influence of Buddhism.

Says Minister of State for Home, Shri Kiren Rijiju: “Buddha is the greatest gift that India has given to the world. It is time that we recognize this and celebrate his greatness in the land where he attained enlightenment, delivered his first Sermon, preached the Dharma, and finally attained Parinirvana.”

Ashoka is also credited with having distributed 108 relics from Buddha’s sacred remains to different parts of his great empire. There is a growing demand by Buddhists and all logical minds to bring these out of museums, consecrate them and place them in sanctified structures or viharas to allow the faithful “darshan” and due prayers. A step in this direction has already been taken by the Govt. of Gujarat which has decided to build a Grand Relic Vihara in partnership with the International Buddhist Confederation (IBC) for the Holy Relic discovered in Devni Mori in the early 1960s. The relic is presently housed in the Sayaji Museum, Vadodara.

International Buddhist Confederation (IBC) is a global Buddhist umbrella body headquartered in New Delhi and boasts a membership of over 300 bodies, both monastic and lay, including national federations and sanghas, spread over 39 countries. Among the stated objectives of the organization is preservation and development of Buddhist heritage, traditions and knowledge worldwide and to make Buddhist and universal human values and principles a part of the ongoing global social and political discourse on topics that include environment, inter-faith understanding and conflict avoidance and resolution.


Spread of LWE in New States

In the current year (up to 15.4.2015), 52 attacks on security forces personnel took place by the left wing extremists resulting in 16 casualties. However, the numbers of overall casualties of security forces personnel were 34 on account of 357 numbers of incidents of LWE violence in the current year (up to 15.04.2015).

It is a fact that the CPI(Maoist) is making efforts to strengthen its influence in South India, particularly on the tri-junction of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. Their plans include creating a base on the border of Kerala and Karnataka. The CPI(Maoist) cadres, active in the Wayanad district of Kerala, have also been known to engage in efforts aimed at establishing a forest route from Wayanad district to Mysore district of Karnataka.

The CPI(Maoist) is also trying to establish organizational bases in the North East with a view to forge relations with other insurgent groups to meet its military requirements. In this regard, the CPI(Maoist) have developed close fraternal ties with North-East insurgent groups like the Revolutionary People’s Front (RPF) / People’s Liberation Army (PLA) of Manipur. Both the outfits have agreed upon mutual cooperation in the areas of training, funding, supply of arms and ammunition. The Upper Assam Leading Committee (UALC) of the CPI(Maoist) is presently operating in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh and have been involved in incidents of looting of weapons and extortion from local villagers. The UALC has also been engaged in recruitment and training of cadres for the outfit in Assam. These cadres have been utilized in extensive propaganda against mega dams in Assam. In this backdrop, Assam-Arunachal border has emerged as another theatre of Maoist activities. The outfit is also establishing separate channels in the North-East, particularly in Nagaland for procurement of ammunition.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Haribhai Parathibhai Chaudhary in a written reply to a question by Shri Anand Sharma in the Rajya Sabha today.


Visa-on-Arrival to Chinese Tourists

At present Government of India has not planned to extend the e-Tourist Visa (old name Tourist Visa-on-Arrival enabled with Electronic Travel Authorization) programme to Chinese tourists.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Kiren Rijiju in a written reply to a question by Dr. Pradeep Kumar Balmuchu in the Rajya Sabha today.


Show Cause Notices to NGOs for Non-Filing of Annual Returns

As per Rule 17(1) of Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Rules 2011 (FCRR 2011) every person who receives foreign contribution is required to submit Annual Accounts for each financial year within a period of nine months from closure of the year i.e. by 31st December. In 2014, notices were issued to 10343 associations who have not filed annual returns for financial year 2009-10 to 2011-12. Sufficient time was given to NGOs to respond, but no response was received. Registration of 1142 associations in Andhra Pradesh who have neither filed returns nor responded to show cause notice was cancelled on 3rd March, 2015. The details of such NGOs is available on the website of the Ministry of Home Affairs http://mha1.nic.in/fcra.htm.

As per Gazette Notification S.O. 1492(E) dated 1st July 2011, The Government has exempted all bodies constituted or established by or under a Central Act or State Act requiring to have their accounts compulsorily audited by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India from the operation of all the provisions of the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Kiren Rijiju in a written reply to a question by Smt. Wansuk Syiem in the Rajya Sabha today.


Conversion of two additional battalions of Sashastra Seema Bal for National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and for strengthening existing NDRF battalions

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, today gave its approval for the conversion of two additional battalions of the Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) for the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and for strengthening existing NDRF battalions.

The objective of the conversion of these two additional battalions of SSB into NDRF battalions is to provide response to the area of Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Arunachal Pradesh during any natural and manmade disaster and to enhance the capability of the existing NDRF battalions. The placement of two NDRF Battalions at Varanasi and Arunachal Pradesh will fill up the vast gap of deployment of the NDRF.


China Encouraging Violence in North-Eastern States

There are reports that various insurgent/militants groups operating in the North Eastern States procure arms and sophisticated weapons from Sino-Myanmar border towns and South-East Asia. No direct Chinese involvement has been reported. The activities of such underground militant/insurgent groups are kept under close vigil. In order to counter unlawful activities of these groups, the Central Government is, inter-alia, supplementing efforts of the State Governments through various measures such as deployment of additional Central security forces for carrying out intensive counter insurgency operations and providing security for vulnerable installations and projects, effective guarding of international borders by the border security forces, based on threat assessment; sharing of intelligence, financial assistance for strengthening of the local police forces and intelligence agencies under the Police Modernization scheme, through the scheme of Security Related Expenditure for strengthening various aspects of security; raising of additional Forces in the form of India Reserve Battalions, etc.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Kiren Rijiju in a written reply to a question by Shri Parvez Hashmi in the Rajya Sabha today.


Framing of Anti-Conversion Law

As per the available information, some of the States viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha have enacted laws providing for the prohibition of the conversion from one religious faith to any other religious faith by the use of force or inducement or by fraudulent means etc. The Central Government have not initiated any discussion with the political parties/religious leaders on the matter of framing an anti-conversion legislation.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Kiren Rijiju in a written reply to a question by Shri Avinash Rai Khanna in the Rajya Sabha today.


Direction to States to Emulate ‘Operation Smile’ for Missing Children 
The Ministry of Home Affairs advised States/UTs to launch a sustained campaign for a month in January, 2015 on the lines of ‘Operation Smile’ and the details of children rescued during this campaign as provided by the States/UTs is as under:

Sr. No.
Children Recovered
Madhya Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal


The States/UTs started a dedicated campaign for identification, screening and documentation of children in shelter homes/orphanages and conducted training/awareness workshops for Police personnel.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Haribhai Parathibhai Chaudhary in a written reply to a question by Shri A.K. Selvaraj  in the Rajya Sabha today.

Foreigners Provided Long Term Visa 
As per extant instructions, Long Term Visa is granted to Pakistani and Bangladeshi nationals. Details of total number of LTV cases granted to the foreign nationals during last three years is as follows:-

No. of cases
(till 31st March 2015)

(till 31st March 2015)

Details of the  number of foreigners who had applied for Indian citizenship and for whom the citizenship certificate was issued during the last 3 years are given below:-

Applied for Indian citizenship
Indian Citizenship certificate issued

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Kiren Rijiju in a written reply to a question by Shri Dilipbhai Pandya  in the Rajya Sabha today.

Paramilitary Forces Deployed in Naxalism/LWE affected Areas 
Presently, a total of 691 companies of Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) are deployed in 10 Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected States viz. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh & West Bengal for anti-LWE operation/Internal Security/ Counter Insurgency duties.
The State-wise break up of number of CAPFs is given below:
No. of CAPFs
(in coys)
Andhra Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal

        Deployment of CAPFs is a dynamic process and keeps on changing from time to time depending upon the requirements projected by the state as well as demands of other LWE affected states, availability of force and security situation in the particular state.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Haribhai Parathibhai Chaudhary in a written reply to a question by Shri Avinash Pande  in the Rajya Sabha today.

Districts and States affected by Naxal Activities 
106 districts in the States are considered as Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected. Of these, Bihar has maximum 22 districts, followed by Jharkhand,- 21, Odisha-19, Chhattisgarh-16, Andhra Pradesh & Telangana,- both 08 each,  West Bengal & Maharashtra,- both 04 each, Uttar Pradesh,- 03 and Madhya Pradesh, 01. The year-wise details on number of districts in the country which has witnessed some form of LWE activities are as under:-

Number of districts
Number of States

It is clear that number of districts which witnessed some form of LWE activities have been decreasing.

Apart from the above, it is worth mentioning that the numbers of incidents of LWE violence and resultant deaths have also significantly declined during the last four years from 2011 to 2014. The year-wise details of numbers of incidents of LWE violence and resultant deaths are as follows:


In order to bring Left Wing Extremists (LWE) into the mainstream, the State Governments have their own surrender and rehabilitation policies. In order to supplement the efforts of the State Governments, the Central Government reimburses the expenditure incurred by the State Governments on rehabilitation of surrendered Left Wing Extremists under the Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme for Left Wing Extremism affected States in terms of its own policy in this regard.

The Government of India has revised the guidelines for ‘Surrender-cum-Rehabilitation Scheme of Left Wing Extremists in the affected States’ with effect from 1.4.2013. As per the revised policy, the Central Government provides reimbursement of expenditure incurred on an immediate grant for surrendered LWE cadres subject to a ceiling of Rs. 2.5 lakh for higher ranked LWE cadres and Rs. 1.5 lakh for middle/lower ranked LWE cadres. The additional incentives given for surrender of weapons/ ammunition is also reimbursed which ranges from Rs. 10 to Rs. 35000 per weapon depending on type of weapon surrendered from detonator to Light Machine Gun, Rocket Launcher etc. In addition, the monthly stipend paid to the surrenderee while undergoing vocational training is also reimbursed subject to the ceiling of Rs. 4000 per month per surrenderee for a maximum period of 36 months. The revised policy envisages formation of the Screening-cum-Rehabilitation Committees by the State Governments which are involved in the process of identification and rehabilitation of surrendered LWE cadres.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Haribhai Parathibhai Chaudhary in a written reply to a question by Smt. Sasikala Pushpa  in the Rajya Sabha today.


Death of CRPF Personnel in Naxal Affected Areas 
No increase has been noticed in the deaths of CRPF personnel engaged in anti-LWE operations. There is an overall decline in the number of deaths of CRPF personnel deployed in LWE affected areas during last five years, which is as follows:

No. of CRPF personnel martyred
(as on 20.04.2015)

Out of 50 deaths in 2014, 26 deaths occurred during General Parliamentary Elections only.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Haribhai Parathibhai Chaudhary in a written reply to a question by Shri Ambeth Rajan  in the Rajya Sabha today.


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