Manual Scavenging




Manual Scavenging 
The Parliament has enacted “The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavenger and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013” (MS Act, 2013) which has come into force in all the States and Union Territories except Jammu & Kashmir with effect from 06.12.2013. Under this Act no persons local authority or any agency shall, from such date as the State Government may notify, which shall not be later than one year from the date of commencement of this Act, engage or employ, either directly or indirectly, any person for hazardous   cleaning, of a sewer or septic tank.


Under section 5 of the MS Act, 2013, no person, local authority or any agency shall, from the date of commencement of this Act, engage or employ, either directly or indirectly, a manual scavenger, and every person so engaged or employed shall stand discharged immediately from any obligation, express or implied, to do manual scavenging. Under section 8 of the MS Act, any contravention of the above provisions for the first time   shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years or with fine which may extend to two lakh rupees or both, and for any subsequent contravention with imprisonment which may extend to five years or with fine which may extend to five lakh rupees or both. No cases of contravention of Section 5 of the Act, have been reported to the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
The Department of Social Justice & Empowerment is implementing a Central Sector Scheme, “Self Employment Scheme for the Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers” for the rehabilitation of identified manual scavengers:
Being a Central Sector Scheme, no allocation under the scheme is made to the States/Union Territories. The scheme is implemented through National Safai Karamcharis Finance & Development Corporation (NSKFDC).
1404 identified manual scavengers have been provided onetime   cash assistance as per details given below
S. No.
State
Number of manual scavengers who have been provided onetime cash assistance during the last three years (including current year 2014-15 (as on 31.03.2015)
1
Andhra Pradesh
45
2
Chhattisgarh
3
3
Karnataka
143
4
Uttar Pradesh
1118
5
West Bengal*
95

Total
1404

*In addition, 97 identified manual scavengers in West Bengal are also provided skill development training with stipend and loans at concessional rate of interest with capital and interest subsidy for taking up alternative self employment projects.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.

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Assistance to Old and Helpless People 
As per census 2011, the population of Senior Citizens (male and female) in the country has increased. The details are as under:-
Year
Male
Female
Total
2001
3.8
3.9
7.7
2011
5.11
5.27
10.38

The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment is implementing a Scheme namely, Integrated Programme for Older Persons (IPOP) under which Grant-in-aid is given to implementing agencies i.e. Panchayati Raj Institutions/Local bodies, Non-Governmental Voluntary Organizations, State Government autonomous/subordinate bodies, Government Recognized Educational institutions, Youth Organizations and in exceptional cases, State Governments/UT administrations for, inter alia, running of Old Age Homes, Day Care Centres, Mobile Medicare Units etc. The proposals for release of Grant-in-aid to Non-Governmental Voluntary Organizations under the said scheme are recommended and forwarded by the State Governments. It is a continuous process.
            During the financial year 2014-15, 341 projects of 248 Non-Governmental Voluntary Organizations, have been assisted under the Scheme of IPOP.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.

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Special Status to the Transgenders

An Expert Committee was constituted in the Ministry to make an in-depth study of the problems being faced by the Transgender Community and suggest suitable measures to ameliorate their problems. The Committee submitted its report on 27th January, 2014. The recommendations of the Committee, inter-alia, include declaring transgender as ‘third gender’, formulation of an Umbrella Scheme for socio-economic & educational empowerment of the community, intensive publicity campaigns etc. An Inter Ministerial Committee has been constituted to pursue implementation of the Expert Committee’s recommendations.

On 15th April, 2014, the Supreme Court in a Writ Petition filed by National Legal Services Authority has delivered its judgement on the issues of Transgender persons, directing the Central and State Governments to examine the recommendations of the Expert Committee based on the legal declaration made in the above judgement and implement them. It has also directed that “Hijras, Eunuchs, apart from binary gender, be treated as ‘third gender’ for the purpose of safeguarding their rights under Part III of our Constitution and the laws made by the Parliament and the State Legislature”. The Court has further directed to take steps to treat them as socially and educationally backward classes of citizens and extend all kinds of reservation in cases of admission in educational institutions and for public appointments.

The Ministry has filed an application in Supreme Court seeking certain clarifications regarding definition of ‘transgender persons’ and granting OBC status to such transgender persons who may by birth belong to SCs/STs.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.
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Centrally Sponsored Schemes for OBCs

The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment is implementing the following schemes for the Welfare of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and weaker section in Rajasthan: (1) Pre-Matric Scholarship for OBC students, (2) Post-Matric Scholarship for OBC students, (3) Construction of Hostels for OBC Boys and Girls and (4) Dr. Ambedkar Post-Matric Scholarship for EBC students.

The funds sanctioned/released and the number of persons benefited under these scheme during the last three years and the current year are:
Amount Sanctioned/Released and no. of beneficiaries under the Centrally Sponsored Schemes for Other Backward Classes and Weaker Sections in Rajasthan during the last three years and the current year.

S.No.
Name of Schemes
2014-15
2015-16
Funds Sanctioned/Released
No. of beneficiaries
Funds Sanctioned/Released
No. of beneficiaries
1
Pre-Matric Scholarship for OBC students
398.50
5.28 (anticipated)
Proposal awaited from the State Government.
2
Post-Matric Scholarship for OBC students
4546.02
2.35 (anticipated)
3
Construction of Hostels for OBC Boys and Girls
0.00
0.00
4
Dr. Ambedkar Post-Matric Scholarship for EBC students
50.00
Awaited

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Krishan Pal Gurjar in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.
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Manual Scavengers

As per the latest information available on the basis of survey undertaken in States/Union Territories, 12753 manual scavengers have been identified in 13 States.
The Parliament had enacted “The Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993 under Article 252 of the Constitution. This Act was subsequently adopted by various States/Union Territories except Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir & Rajasthan, which had their own Acts in this regard.
On the basis of the recommendations of the Sub-Group of the 12th Plan Working Group on “Empowerment of Scheduled Castes”, the Self Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMS) has been revised with effect from November, 2013. The main provisions of the revised SRMS are:
 (i) Payment of Onetime Cash Assistance of Rs. 40000/- to one identified Manual Scavenger per family.
 (ii) Skill Development Training programme with stipend of Rs. 3000/- per month for courses upto 2 years
This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.
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Braille Script for Visually Impaired 
The Government has approved the Central Sector Scheme of “support for establishment/modernization/capacity augmentation of Braille presses” for the benefit of visually challenged during the 12th Plan Period (effective from 2014-15). The objectives of the scheme are:
(i)   to establish 18 new Braille Presses
(ii)  to establish 03 small scale Braille printing units in UTs;
(iii) to modernize 12 old Braille Presses
(iv) to augment Braille printing capacity of 03 modern Braille printing presses

The Government has approved three proposals for establishment of new Braille press, three proposals for capacity augmentation of the existing press and eleven proposals for modernization of old Braille presses.

Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities has introduced a revised version of the Scheme “Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase/Fitting of Aids/Appliances (ADIP)’.  Under this Scheme the following IT devices are given at free of cost or at subsidized rate to visually impaired children:
            i)          Smart phone with screen reading software
            ii)         Tablet with Screen Reading Software
            iii)         Tablet media player
            iv)        Daisy book
            v)         Smart cane
            vi)        Mouse cam video magnifier
            vii)        Smart phone with magnified apparatus
            viii)       Hand held magnifier
            ix)        Pocket size blue tooth key board for smart phone or tablet
            x)         Spectacle magnifier
            xi)        Audio labeler
            xii)        Pill Dispenser
            xiii)       Talking calculator
            xiv)       Talking table clock
            xv)       Talking wrist watch
            xvi)       Optical magnifiers
            xvii)      Talking glucometer

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Krishan Pal Gurjar in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.
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Dr. B.R. Ambedkar International Centre
The Government has approved to set up Dr. Ambedkar International Centre at 15, Janpath, New Delhi at an estimated cost of Rs. 195.74 crore. Dr. Ambedkar International Centre would have the following amenities/activities:
i. A Public Library;
ii. A Research & Extension Centre;
iii. A Media-cum-Interpretation Centre;
iv. A Convention Centre;
v. Auditoriums and;
vi. An exhibition on the life of Dr. Ambedkar.
 (c) Foundation laid on 20th April, 2015.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.

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Assistance to SC Under CSR

As per the information obtained from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, they have not given any suggestion, nor issued any guidelines to the Private Sector to provide assistance to Scheduled Castes under the CSR initiatives. However, Section 135 of the Companies Act, 2013, contains CSR provisions of the Act and Schedule VII to the Act enlists the activities to be undertaken by the companies under CSR. The activities listed include “measures for reducing inequalities faced by socially and economically backward groups” and “contribution to any fund set up by the Central Government for socio-economic development and relief and welfare of the Scheduled Castes”.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.

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Facilities to Parents of Transgenders

An Expert Committee was constituted in the Ministry to make an in-depth study of the problems being faced by the Transgender Community and suggest suitable measures to ameliorate their problems. The Committee submitted its report on 27th January, 2014. The Committee has made extensive recommendation touching all aspects of social, economic and educational empowerment including, inter-alia, formulation of an Umbrella Scheme for transgender persons. Accordingly, the Government is formulating an Umbrella Scheme, which includes assistance to parents of transgender children, pre-matric and post-matric scholarship to transgender students, training for their skill development and pension to transgender persons between 40 and 60 years of age who for some reasons could not be assisted under any scheme of the Government. As four of the five components of the proposed Umbrella Scheme are centrally sponsored, the comments of the State Governments/UT Administrations have been sought.

The Ministry of Rural Development has informed that Pension assistance is provided to persons of 60 years and above belonging to family living below poverty line (BPL) including Transgender Persons under Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS) which is a component of National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP). Central assistance of Rs. 200/- per month is provided to persons in the age group of 60-79 years and Rs. 500/- per month to persons of 80 years and above.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.
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Schools/Hostels for Differently Abled

Under the Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS), financial assistance is provided to Non-Governmental Organizations(NGOs) for various   special schools/hostels for the differently abled children.  A Statement indicating State/Union Territories wise number of special schools/hostels, admissible financial assistance released and the number of beneficiaries   under the scheme during the last three financial years is:
S.No.
Name of State/UT
2014-15
No. of Spl. School assisted
Beneficiaries
Amount released
1
Andhra Pradesh
63
14483
1111.70
2
Assam
4
723
27.04
3
Bihar
3
445
28.87
4
Chhattisgarh
4
467
8.60
5
Delhi
7
850
29.81
6
Goa
1
170
10.09
7
Gujarat
10
1312
45.21
8
Haryana
12
1065
69.18
9
Himachal Pradesh
1
30
4.89
10
Jammu & Kashmir
2
180
9.89

Jharkhand
1
86
1.00
11
Karnataka
8
959
42.29
12
Kerala
39
6458
433.41
13
Madhya Pradesh
9
2200
67.19
14
Maharashtra
30
2146
163.54
15
Manipur
11
2008
40.23
16
Meghalaya
1
553
8.02
17
Mizoram
1
392
20.03
18
Odisha
28
3511
188.51
19
Puducherry
1
111
7.18
20
Punjab
11
1315
101.13
21
Rajsthan
15
1142
75.06
22
Tamil Nadu
8
881
46.80
23
Telangana
18
2780
204.45
24
Tripura
1
112
7.20
25
Uttar Pradesh
37
4827
369.69
26
Utrakhand
5
685
24.53
27
West Bengal
4
1571
13.44

Total
335
51462
3158.98


The Department ensures the effective implementation of the Scheme and  utilization of funds under DDRS in the following ways:

(i) Fresh/subsequent release of grants to implementing agencies during a year are released only on receipt of Utilization Certificate in respect of previous grant(s).

(ii) The Schemes implemented through NGOs are also expected to be monitored by respective State Governments/UT Administrations.

 (iii) The performance of the NGOs is reviewed from time to time through inspections by the State Governments concerned, National Institutes and officers of the Ministry.

(iv) The Audited Annual Accounts are being mandatorily examined for all NGOs before recommending any further/subsequent release of funds.

(v) This Department has developed centralized on-line application software with the assistance of National Informatics Centre (NIC) on the website of the Ministry www.ngograntsje.gov.in . All applications by NGOs seeking Grant-in-aid (GIA) under Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS) are being invited through on-line process in the website of the Ministry from the financial year 2014-15.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Krishan Pal Gurjar in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.
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