Welfare Schemes For SC/ST Farmers





Welfare Schemes For SC/ST Farmers

The Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC) is implementing a number of schemes viz Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) etc. for the welfare of farmers including those belonging to Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs). Out of the Budget allocation, 16.2% is earmarked for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes categories under Scheduled Castes Sub Plan (SCSP) and 8% for Tribal Sub Plan (TSP). Under Integrated Scheme for Agricultural Marketing (ISAM), a subsidy upto 33% is provided for farmers belonging to SC/ST categories. Further, subsidy in the range of 35% to 50% under different components of Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) is provided to such farmers.

The Centrally Sponsored Missions / Schemes are implemented by the States and no centralized data is maintained in DAC to assess the outcome of implementation of Missions / Schemes for the benefit of Schedule Caste / Schedule Tribe population.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Balyan in the Rajya Sabha today.

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Adverse Effects of Monocrotophos Pesticide

The decision to impose restriction on sale and use of pesticides is based on assessment of risk to human and animal health. The registration of Monocrotophos pesticide for use in agriculture in India was subjected to technical reviews in 1993, 1995 and 2005. None of the Expert reviews have recommended imposition of complete ban on sale and use of this chemical in agriculture. A fresh review by an expert committee is under way for several pesticides including Monocrotophos. The Report of the Expert Committee is expected to be presented to Central Government shortly. The Registration Committee registers pesticides including alternatives to existing products, under provisions of the Insecticides Act, 1968 after technical examination of efficacy and safety.

As per provisions of Insecticides Act 1968 and Rules framed there under, manufacturers of pesticides are required to provide a label leaflet with each pack having details of directions for use, dose, dilution, waiting period, safety, etc. In addition to that distributors, sellers and farmers are also being trained to comply with safety in dealing with pesticides.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Dr. Sanjeev Kumar Balyan in the Rajya Sabha today.

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Data for Production of Crops

At present, the responsibility for furnishing data on area, production and yield of different crops lies with State Agricultural Statistics Authorities (SASAs) in various States/UTs. However, Government of India provides financial support to State/UT Governments under the Sub-scheme on improvement of Agricultural Statistics (IAS) which has three components viz. Timely Reporting Scheme (TRS), Establishment of an Agency for Reporting of Agricultural Statistics (EARAS) and Improvement of Crop Statistics (ICS). The estimates are prepared on the basis of area enumeration and yield assessment through Crop Cutting Experiments (CCEs) in a sample of about 20% villages selected in such a manner that over a period of 5 years all the villages of a State/UT are covered. The area enumeration and CCEs are generally done by the field functionaries of State Revenue/Agriculture Departments. Under the ICS Scheme, States/UTs are provided support for sample check of area enumeration and CCEs to ensure quality of primary data collected by States/UTs.

Based upon the data received from States/UTs, during an Agricultural Year (July to June), Ministry of Agriculture releases four advance estimates followed by final estimates of area, production and yield of major agricultural crops in the country. First Advance Estimates are released in the month of September followed by second, third and fourth Advance Estimates respectively in February, April and July of next calendar year. Final Estimates are released along with second Advance Estimates for the subsequent agricultural year.

To arrive at better crop forecasts based on the latest developing remote sensing technology, Ministry of Agriculture has established Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre (MNCFC) which is providing multiple in-session production forecasts of area, production and yield of selected crop in the country. In order to improve the quality of official estimates, the Ministry of Agriculture validates the estimates received from States/UTs on the basis of forecasts provided by MNCFC as well as the estimates prepared on the basis of econometric and agro-meteorological models, etc.

Based on the methodology suggested by an Expert Committee constituted under the chairmanship of Prof. A. Vaidyanathan for preparation of State/national level agricultural estimates, action to undertake a pilot study has been initiated.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Shri Mohanbhai Kundaria in the Rajya Sabha today.

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Crop Diversification Scheme



            Crop Diversification Programme (CDP), a sub scheme of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY), is being implemented in the Original Green Revolution States of Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh from 2013-14 to diversify area from water guzzling crop like paddy to alternate crops like maize, pulses, oilseeds, cotton & agro-forestry plantation. It has been continued in 2014-15.



            Under CDP, assistance is provided to the States for conducting cluster demonstrations on alternate crops, promotion of water saving technologies, distribution of farm machinery, setting up of value addition facilities, awareness through trainings etc.



                The State of Punjab has fully utilized the funds released during 2013-14. However, utilization certificate for the full amount released in 2013-14 has not been received from the States of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. The allocation, release and expenditure during 2013-14 & allocation and release during 2014-15 under CDP is as below:



Rs. In Crores



                         2013-14           
                  2014-15
State
Allocation
Release
Expenditure
Allocation
Release*
Punjab
249.50
112.25
112.25
250.00
125.00
Haryana
110.50
49.25
43.11
124.00
58.10
UP
138.50
62.75
0.00
75.00
37.50

The Department of Agriculture & Cooperation reviews implementation of the scheme from time to time.

     This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Shri Mohanbhai Kundaria  in the Rajya Sabha today.

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Drought Situation in Maharashtra

In the eventuality of drought, State Governments are empowered to initiate necessary relief measures from State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) which is readily available with them. Additional financial assistance, over and above SDRF, is considered from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) on receipt of drought relief memoranda from State Governments and in accordance with extant norms and procedures.

To deal with challenges posed by delayed and aberrant monsoon and in the wake of shortfall in sowing of major crops during kharif-2014, Government has taken following measures:

i. Implementation of Diesel Subsidy Scheme for protective irrigation of crops with an allocation of Rs.100 crore;

ii. Enhancement of ceiling on seed subsidy to partially recompense the farmer for the additional expenditure incurred in resowing and/or purchasing appropriate varieties of seeds;

iii. Implementation of drought mitigating interventions on perennial horticulture crops with an additional allocation of Rs.700 crore under Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH);

iv. Implementation of Additional Fodder Development Programme (AFDP) as a sub-scheme of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) with an allocation of Rs.100 crore during 2014-15 for ensuring availability of fodder;

v. Waiver of duty on import of de-oiled soya extract, groundnut oil cake, sunflower oil cake, canola oil meal, mustard oil cake, rice bran and palm kernel cake to increase availability of feed ingredients.

In addition, States including Maharashtra were advised to keep aside 10% of funds available under RKVY and other schemes for undertaking appropriate interventions to mitigate any situation arising out of deficient rainfall. Government of India has also released Rs.6.25 crore to Maharashtra as first instalment towards implementing AFDP.

-2- During Kharif 2014, Government of Maharashtra has reported that 19059 villages covering 22 districts in the State are drought affected and submitted a drought relief memorandum seeking central assistance from National Disaster Relief Fund (NDRF). Government of India has already constituted an Inter-Ministerial Central Team (IMCT) to visit the State, conduct on spot assessment and recommend central assistance from NDRF.

Government of India has allocated 3,75,133 tons of foodgrains per month to Maharashtra from February, 2014 onward as per entitlement of the State under the National Food Security Act (NFSA). On the basis of request received from the State, Government of India has also allocated additional 3,98,700 tons of foodgrains to Maharashtra for the beneficiaries who could not be covered under NFSA. No request has been received from Government of Maharashtra, so far, for additional allotment of foodgrains for drought relief during the current year.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Shri Mohanbhai Kundaria in the Rajya Sabha today.

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Use of Poly Mulching Technology

Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Rural Development and Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation are promoting rain water harvesting and conservation measures in the Country by supplementing efforts of State Governments for augmentation, conservation and efficient management of water resources through technical and financial support.

Major programmes promoting such activities are Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP), Command Area Development and Water Management (CADWM), Repair Renovation and Restoration of water bodies (RRR), Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP), Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) etc.

Higher initial investment, sizeable area requirement for water harvesting structure accompanied with continuous reduction in farm holding sizes are major constraints in its large scale adoption by individual farmers. However, in situ moisture conservation technologies, as integral part of package of practices, is promoted in all agriculture development programmes of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC) to benefit a large section of farming community.

To conserve the soil moisture, plastic mulching is being promoted under protected cultivation component of Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) scheme of DAC. Mulching of raised beds are also promoted for raising hi-value crops like flowers, fruits and vegetables along with drip irrigation system.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Shri Mohanbhai Kundaria in the Rajya Sabha today.

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Availability of Price-Sensitive Vegetables

The Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) is being implemented in all States/UTs during XII Plan and provides assistance for protected cultivation of horticulture crops, including vegetables, through Green House Structure/poly houses.

The Vegetable Initiative for Urban Clusters (VIUC) also promotes open field cultivation and protected cultivation of vegetables in green houses and shadenet houses. The scheme also facilitates formation of Farmer Interest Groups (FIGs) and Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) and their tie up with market aggregation and financial institutions. VIUC scheme is being implemented in all states with focus on addressing supply chain issues of vegetables in cities having a population of more than one million. In case, where the citie’s population is less than one million, then the state capital is selected.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Shri Mohanbhai Kundaria in the Rajya Sabha today.
Welfare Schemes For SC/ST Farmers Welfare Schemes For SC/ST Farmers Reviewed by Ajit Kumar on 7:11 PM Rating: 5

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