Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making from Punjab



Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making from Punjab gets inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, UNESCO, 2014.

The traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru Punjab has got the distinction of being inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, UNESCO, 2014. UNESCO, in its 9th Session of the Intergovernmental Committee (IGC) for the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage in Paris,took a decision to this effect. This is the 11th element which has been so inscribed on UNESCO’s Representative List.

The craft of the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru constitutes the traditional techniques of manufacturing brass and copper utensils in Punjab. The Thatheras craft utensils are of both Utilitarian and ritualistic value made of copper, brass and kansa (an alloy of copper, zinc and tin). The metals used are recommended by the ancient Indian school of medicine, Ayurveda. The crafting process carried out by a specific group of craftspeople, known as Thatheras, has a unique ethnic and historical identity with an oral tradition that underpin their skill. The very name of the community – ‘Thatheras’ is identical with the name of the element.

The crafts colony was established during the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1883) the great 19th Century Sikh Monarch, who encouraged skilled metal crafters from Kashmir to settle in the heart of his kingdom in the Punjab. Jandiala Guru became an area of repute due to the skill of the Thatheras.

The inscription of the element on the Representative List will tangibly contribute to the visibility of the intangible cultural heritage in general by lending recognition to the skill of the Thatheras that have been orally transmitted for generations upon generations so far. Its Inscription could contribute to encourage dialogues with other communities worldwide that practice traditional metal craftsmanship to manufacture handcrafted products that are both useful and beautiful. 

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Crashes of Aircraft
During the last two years (2012-13 & 2013-14) and the current year 2014-15 (upto 26.11.2014), a total of 24 defence aircraft have crashed.

32 Defence personnel were killed and 07 injured in these accidents. No civilian was killed or injured. The loss to the Government in terms of value of aircraft and service property, in respect of accident of 12 aircraft where assessment has been done so far, is estimated at Rs.536.98 crore.

Every accident / incident is thoroughly investigated by Court / Board of Inquiry to ascertain the cause of accident and the recommendations of the completed Court / Board of Inquiry are implemented. Armed Forces have taken various preventive measures like invigoration of Aviation Safety Organization, streamlining of accident / incident reporting procedure, analytical studies and quality audits of the aircraft fleets to identify vulnerable areas to avoid aircraft accidents. Accident prevention programmes have been given an added thrust to identify risk prone / hazardous areas specific to the aircraft fleets and operational environment to ensure safe practices / procedures.

This information was given by Defence Minister Shri Manohar Parrikar in a written reply to Shri P Bhattacharya in Rajya Sabha today. 
Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making from Punjab Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making from Punjab Reviewed by Ajit Kumar on 7:28 AM Rating: 5

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