Manual Scavenging





Manual Scavenging 

 ‘Houselisting and Housing Census, 2011’ data released by the Registrar General of India in March, 2012, has, inter alia, provided number of households by type of latrine facility, including latrines from which night soil is manually removed. According to this data, such latrines existed in all States/UTs except in the States of Goa, Sikkim, and the UTs of Chandigarh and Lakshadweep.


           Existence of manually serviced latrines in the States/UTs points to the fact that the practice of manual scavenging is yet to be eliminated there.

           As per the latest information available on the basis of survey undertaken so far 11,635 manual scavengers have been identified in 11 States:

State-wise number of manual scavengers identified by States.

S.NO.
Name of State
No. of manual scavengers identified
1.     
Andhra Pradesh
89
2.     
Bihar
137
3.     
Chhattisgarh
3
4.     
Jammu & Kashmir
119
5.     
Karnataka
302
6.     
Odisha
386
7.     
Punjab
64
8.     
Rajasthan`
*284
9.     
Uttar Pradesh
10,016
10.  
Uttarakhand
137
11.  
West Bengal
98

Total
11,635
*  Provisional

The “Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 has come into force w.e.f. 6.12.2013.  The rules under the Act have been gazetted on 12.12.2013, which would also serve as model rules for the States. 

           Union Minister, Minister of State, Secretary and other senior officers of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment have held exclusive meetings in 15 States/ UT to sensitize the State Government machinery in this regard and review the status of action taken by them for implementation of the Act.

           A Central Monitoring Committee (CMC) has been constituted on 13.1.2014, under the Chairmanship of Union Minister, Social Justice and Empowerment.  Two meetings of the CMC have been held on 28.1.2014 and 21.8.2014 to review the progress of implementation of the Act. Major recommendations/ observations of the CMC, inter alia, include that the States/UTs should:-

(i)           complete surveys of insanitary latrines and manual scavengers in a time bound manner.
(ii)         make payment of onetime cash assistance to identified manual scavengers and make their comprehensive rehabilitation.
(iii)       identify cases of sewer deaths since 1993 by the State Governments/UTs and payment of compensation to the affected families, as per Supreme Court’s directive.
(iv)       constitute the Vigilance and Monitoring Committees and hold their meetings at the earliest.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.

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Survey on Drug Abuse

The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment has requested National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) to conduct a nationwide survey on extent, pattern and trend of alcohol and drug abuse. A pilot survey was conducted by NSSO during March-April 2010 in three cities viz. Mumbai, Amritsar and Imphal. The Ministry has also requested NSSO to carry out an advanced pilot survey in two states namely Punjab and Manipur.

At present, a Working Group has been constituted by the Ministry of Statistics of Programme Implementation, Government of India on Drug Abuse survey. The terms of reference of the Working Group, inter-alia, include recommending suitable methodology for a nation-wide survey on Drug Abuse to generate estimates at National and State level.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.

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Manual Scavenging Manual Scavenging Reviewed by Ajit Kumar on 8:58 PM Rating: 5

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