Jobs/Unemployment Allowance for Jobless People





Jobs/Unemployment Allowance for Jobless People

The Minister of State (IC) for Labour and Employment, Shri Bandaru Dattatreya has said that reliable estimates of employment and unemployment are obtained through labour force surveys on employment and unemployment conducted by National Sample Survey Office (NSS), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.  According to the Employment and Unemployment Surveys conducted by National Sample Survey (NSS) Office, Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, the unemployment rates during 2011-12 are as follows:


Unemployment Rates (in %) as per usual status during 2011-12:
Age Group
Rural
Urban

Male
Female
Male
Female
15-29
5.0
4.8
8.1
13.1
All Ages
1.7
1.7
3.0
5.2

Details of State/ UT-wise number of unemployed persons in the country as per live register maintained in the Employment Exchanges is at Annex.
In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today, Shri Bandaru Dattatreya said that there is no such proposal under consideration of the Government. However, the Government has taken several steps to provide opportunities of livelihood to all those who seek employment. A provision under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA), 2005 has been made to provide at least one hundred days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled work. In addition, Government has taken various steps to enhance the employability and employment in the country by promoting growth of labour intensive sectors such as Construction, Real Estate and Housing, Transport, Tourism, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Information Technology Enabled Services and a range of other new services. Besides, Government is also providing self-employment opportunities in the rural areas through National Rural Livelihood Mission.
Annex
Annex referred to in reply to part (a) of Rajya Sabha unstarred Question No. 1178 due for reply on 03-12-2014.
State-wise number of jobseekers registered with employment exchanges in the country as on 31st January 2013.
Sl. No.
State/Union Territory
Number of jobseekers       (in thousands)
1
Andhra Pradesh
1914.3
2
Arunachal Pradesh
48.1
3
Assam 
1617.0
4
Bihar 
851.3
5
Chhattisgarh
1467.4
6
Delhi
752.9
7
Goa
127.8
8
Gujarat
865.3
9
Haryana
778.4
10
Himachal Pradesh
856.8
11
Jammu & Kashmir
463.6
12
Jharkhand
602.4
13
Karnataka
437.3
14
Kerala 
3849.3
15
Madhya Pradesh
2068.4
16
Maharashtra
2565.1
17
Manipur
673.2
18
Meghalaya
33.9
19
Mizoram
43.5
20
Nagaland
68.8
21
Odisha
1064.5
22
Punjab
349.0
23
Rajasthan
735.2
24
Sikkim*
0.0
25
Tamil Nadu
7751.3
26
Tripura
541.6
27
Uttarakhand
705.4
28
Uttar Pradesh
6070.9
29
West Bengal
7068.3
30
Andaman & Nicobar
41.6
31
Chandigarh
37.7
32
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
6.3
33
Daman & Diu
9.7
34
Lakshadweep
15.4
35
Puducherry
223.0

Grand Total
44704.7
               
Note: * No Employment Exchange is working in the state.

***
Labour Reforms
The Minister Of State (IC) for Labour and Employment, Shri Bandaru Dattatreya has said that Labour Laws reform is a continuous process in order to bring them in tune with the emerging needs of the economy after tri-partite consultations amongst Government, Employers’ and Employees’ Organizations. The Ministry of Labour & Employment is actively engaged in addressing the issue of simplifying and codifying the Labour Laws and for ensuring ease of compliance to promote an enabling business environment. While undertaking such reforms, the overall interests of Labour like wages, employment, social security, working environment, health and safety etc. are duly addressed keeping in view the requirements of the Indian Industry to make it efficient and Internationally competitive.

In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today, Shri Bandaru Dattatreya said that the Ministry has also developed a single unified Web Portal for On-line Registration of Units, Reporting of Inspections, submissions of Annual returns and Redressal of Grievances. The Portal facilitates ease of reporting at one place for various Labour Laws by a single On-line annual Return, consolidate information of Labour inspections and its enforcement thereby enhancing transparency in Labour Inspections.

*****
Reaching Employment and Skill Development Targets

The Minister of State (IC) for Labour and Employment, Shri Bandaru Dattatreya has said that the 12th Five Year Plan projects 5 crore new work opportunities to be generated in the non-farm sector and provide skill certification to equivalent numbers. The National Manufacturing Policy of the Government also targets to create 10 crore jobs by the year 2022.

In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today, Shri Bandaru Dattatreya said that employment generation is the outcome of overall functioning of the economy and depends upon policies and programmes of several Central Ministries and State Governments.

The Government of India has set up a new Ministry for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship for coordinating and harmonising skill development efforts.

The Minister said that according to the data compiled by National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) during the financial year 2012-13, 2013-14 & 2014-15 (till September, 2014) around 51.88 Lakh persons, 76.4 Lakh persons & 25.84 lakh persons respectively have been skilled under the 73 skill development schemes of 21 ministries/departments.

Shri Bandaru Dattatreya has said that Government has also decided to strategically promote labour-intensive manufacturing and expand employment opportunities by promoting tourism and agro-based industries.

He said that moreover, for generating more employment in the country, Government has taken various steps like encouraging private sector of economy, fast tracking various projects involving substantial investment and increasing public expenditure on schemes like Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) run by Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA), Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) scheme run by Ministry of Rural Development and National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) run by Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation.

*****
Health Services to the Workers in Informal Sector

The Minister Of State (IC) for Labour and Employment, Shri Bandaru Dattatreya has said that ‘Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana’ (RSBY) has been launched by Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India to provide health insurance coverage for Below Poverty Line (BPL) families. Under the scheme the BPL families (a unit of five) in the unorganized sector are provided smart card based cashless health insurance cover of Rs.30,000/- per annum.

In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today, Shri Bandaru Dattatreya said that it is the endeavour of the Government to extend Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) to all unorganised workers in a phased manner. During the course of implementation, apart from BPL families, RSBY coverage has been extended to various other categories of unorganised workers viz. Building & Other Construction Workers, licensed Railway porters, Street Vendors, MGNREGA workers (who have worked for more than fifteen days during preceding financial year), Beedi workers, Domestic workers, Sanitation Workers, Mine Workers, Rickshaw pullers, Rag pickers and Auto/Taxi drivers.

The Minister said that the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) is currently active in 26 States and Union Territories covering more than 3.85 crore families as on 31.03.2014.

He said that the Working Group on Occupational Safety & Health set up in the context of the formulation of the 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17), submitted its Report to the Planning Commission in September 2011. The Report contained a chapter on Occupational Safety and Health for Unorganized Sector, also. The major recommendations of the Working Group included generating awareness on Occupational Safety & Health (OSH) for unorganized workers in agricultural as well as non-agricultural occupation and also developing training modules for imparting training programmes on these issues. Also the unorganized workers to be included in the social security coverage in form of medical cum life insurance and pension benefits. Govt. has already taken steps for generating awareness through mass media regarding various occupational diseases such as silicosis, asbestosis etc. Further the health insurance scheme for the unorganized workers i.e. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana has been extended to more categories of the unorganized workers as mentioned in part (a) of the reply.

*****
Welfare Schemes for Unorganised Workers

The Minister Of State (IC) for Labour and Employment, Shri Bandaru Dattatreya has said that according to the survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) in 2009-10, the total employment in both the organized and the unorganized sectors in the country was 46.5 crore, of which 43.7 crore were in the unorganized sector.

In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today, Shri Bandaru Dattatreya said that with a view to providing social security to unorganized workers, the Government had enacted the “Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008”. The Act provides for the constitution of National Social Security Board at the central level to recommend social security schemes viz. life and disability cover, health and maternity benefits, old age protection and any other benefit as may be determined by the Government for unorganized workers.

The Minister said that Government has already taken various steps to provide social security for the unorganized workers. Some of these schemes are listed as under:

1. Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme, (Ministry of Rural Development).

2. National Family Benefit Scheme, (Ministry of Rural Development).

3. Janani Suraksha Yojana, (Ministry of Health and Family Welfare).

4. Handloom Weavers’ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme, (Ministry of Textiles).

5. Handicraft Artisans’ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme, (Ministry of Textiles).

6. Pension to Master Craft Persons, (Ministry of Textiles).

7. National Scheme for Welfare of Fishermen and Training and Extension, (Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries).

8. Janshree Bima Yojana and Aam Admi Bima Yojana, (Department of Financial Services).

9. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana, (Ministry of Labour and Employment).
Jobs/Unemployment Allowance for Jobless People Jobs/Unemployment Allowance for Jobless People Reviewed by Ajit Kumar on 2:54 PM Rating: 5

No comments:

Powered by Blogger.