Government Asserts that Prices of Life Saving Drugs have been Reduced



Government Asserts that Prices of Life Saving Drugs have been Reduced

The Minister Chemicals and Fertilisers Shri Ananth Kumar has stated that within six months of the present Government coming to power 175 more drugs and formulations have been added to the Drug Control and their prices were reduced. Replying to a debate on the Calling Attention Motion in Lok Sabha today, he said, it is unprecedented that on May 26, the number of formulations and drugs were 440 and today the total number of drugs under the Drug Price Control is 617. He said the entire credit for this initiative goes to the Prime Minister’s concern for the people of India.


He said out of these drugs whose prices have gone down 47 drugs are for cancer, 22 drugs are for Diabetes; 19 drugs are for AIDS and 84 drugs are for cardio-vascular category for which price control has been added. The Minister asserted that that there are no drugs whose price can be said to have increased, leave alone prices sky-rocketing.

Shri Ananth Kumar pointed out that one of the important leaders of the Opposition Party was campaigning that the price of one of cancer drug (Glivec) is Rs.8,452.38 for 30 tablets has been raised to Rs.1,08,000/-. The Minister said that unfortunately that such misinformation also got reported in the newspapers.

The Minister informed the House that according to new initiatives in the Ministry, every pharmaceutical company has to file Form 5 every quarter according to The Integrated Pharmaceutical Database Management System. More than 600 companies are already filing these forms. Through these forms his Ministry will be monitoring their quantity, quality, price and all the parameters. One more mechanism the Government of India is conceptualizing and thinking of implementing is setting up of a Price Monitoring Resource Unit in each State. This will be a very progressive step in the direction of price control, he added.

Shri Kumar asserted that the Government of India is not at all intervening in the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority. That is an independent authority. There is the DPCO 2013 under which it works. All the powers of Government of pricing according to Essential Commodities Act have been delegated to it. The Authority has brought in price control for 108 formulations on June 10.

He said that the price control continues, and there is no reversal. Because of that continuance of price control, pharmaceutical companies have gone to the court and there is no stay order also on the reduced prices.
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The details of  coal mines of Coal India Limited (CIL) in different States of the country at present are as under:-
Sl. No.
States
No. of functional coal mines of CIL
1.
Telangana
---
2.
Arunachal Pradesh
--
3.
West Bengal
89
4.
Jharkhand
135
5.
Madhya Pradesh
66
6.
Uttar Pradesh
04
7.
Chhattisgarh
52
8.
Maharashtra
53
9.
Odisha
26
10
Assam
04

Total
429

As regards, the non producing mines of Coal India Limited (CIL), there are 27 such coal mines out of which 5 are in West Bengal, 3 in Jharkhand, 7 in Chhattisgarh, 4 in Odisha and 8 in Maharashtra. This was stated by Sh. Piyush Goyal, Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal & New and Renewable Energy in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.  The major reasons for not starting production are delay in obtaining statutory clearances (EC & FC), delay in land acquisition & related rehabilitation and resettlement issues, difficult geo-mining conditions and development of infrastructure etc. The estimated coal stock/reserves in the said coal mines is about 1200 Mt.


            The Minister further stated that the steps taken by the Government/CIL to commence production from such mines includes -  holding meetings with concerned State officials to expedite & facilitate acquisition / possession of land, and expediting EC & FC issues, expediting land acquisition/possession; follow up action taken with land officials of State Govts. to expedite issue of authentication of land records and for establishing Record of Rights for the acquired land; frequent follow up action with State authorities  to issue “Consent to operate” & “Consent to establish” after   issue of EC by Ministry of Environment and Forest, the Minister added.
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Steps Proposed by the Government to Reduce Such Huge Imports of Coal

The focus of the Government is to increase coal production to the maximum extent possible by facilitating Environment & Forest clearances expeditiously, pursuing with State Government for assistance in land acquisition and coordinated efforts with Railways for movement of coal. This was stated by Sh. Piyush Goyal, Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal & New and Renewable Energy in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.

The Minister further stated that the Coal India Limited (CIL) is enhancing production through capacity addition from new projects, use of mass production technologies, and identification of existing ongoing projects with growth potential. In order to strengthen the drilling capacity for exploration, CIL is also bringing in more number of high efficiency hydrostatic drills. The Central Mine Planning & Design Institute Limited (CMPDIL) which does the detailed exploration for CIL has signed an MoU with Mineral Exploration Corporation to enhance exploration capacity. Exploration in some blocks is also envisaged with the help of out sourcing agencies, the Minister added.

Regarding import of coal despite large reserves of coal , the Minister stated that India has adequate coal reserves for meeting its coal requirements and as such these reserves would be adequate to meet the coal requirement at the present demand level. However, at the present juncture, the actual production of coal falls short of the overall demand. Accordingly, the gap between total consumption and domestic supply is being met through import of coal. The import of non-coking coal in the country has increased from 48.6 Mte. in 2009-10 to 131.3 Mte.in 2013-14.

The Minister further stated that on investment by CIL on exploration of coal , the Minister said that the Coal India Limited (CIL) has been investing in exploration and the expenditure incurred during the last three years was Rs. 161.25 crores in 2011-12, Rs. 138.63 crores in 2012-13 and Rs. 310.02 crores in 2013-14. CIL has been able to drill 4.98 lakh meters, 5.62 lakh meters and 6.69 lakh meters respectively during these three years. Because of the detailed exploration undertaken by CIL, about 3-4 billion tonnes of coal reservesis being added each year to the proved category of coal reserves in the country. However, the pace of exploration has been constrained due to limitation on the boreholes in areas under forest cover and also due to law & order problems prevailing in some areas, the Minister added.
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Clean Energy Tax

Clean Energy Cess is levied as a duty of Excise under section 83 (3) of the Finance Act, 2010 at the rate of Rs.100 per tonne on Coal, Lignite and Peat (goods specified in the Tenth Schedule to the Finance Act, 2010) in order to finance and promote clean initiatives, funding research in the area of clean energy or for any other purpose. This was stated by Sh. Piyush Goyal, Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal & New and Renewable Energy in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.  The amount of Clean Energy Cess collection/accrued in the last three years and current year are furnished in the table below:-
Financial Year
Amount of Clean Energy Cess levied/billed on sales
2011-12
Rs. 2579.55 crore
2012-13
Rs. 3053.19 crore
2013-14
Rs. 3527.75 crore
2014-15
Rs. 6857.50 crore  (Provisional)

The Minister further stated that the fund created through clean energy cess accruals is meant for the purposes for financing and promoting clean energy initiatives, funding research in the area of clean energy or for any other purpose relating thereto.  Thus, projects aiming at reduction of emissions with innovative technologies from different sectors get considered under this funding mechanism, the Minister added.
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Cyclone Centres in Various Coastal States

Under the oversight mechanism of Earth System Science Organization (ESSO), an integrated cyclone and associated storm surge warning system is made functional all along the coastal and island regions. Such an effort has resulted into the considerable demonstrated improvement of cyclone forecast in respect of the Phailin cyclone during 08-14 October 2013 and the Hudhud cyclone during 06-14 October 2014.

For effective operational cyclone activities, an appropriate institutional mechanism comprising cyclone warning division at ESSO-India Meteorological Department (ESSO-IMD), New Delhi and three Area Cyclone Warning Centers (ACWCs) at Kolkata, Chennai, Mumbai and Cyclone Warning Centers (CWCs) at Bhubaneswar, Vishakhapatnam and Ahmadabad are made functional on 24X7 basis.

ESSO-IMD operates 24X7 monitoring of satellite based weather monitoring over the potential cyclogenic zones of the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea for detecting the cyclogenesis. Commissioning of the high performance computing (HPC) system has provided opportunity to assimilate satellite radiance, Doppler Weather Radar (DWR), OCEANSAT (scatterometer, total precipitable water content) data etc. of global oceans in to the global (22Km grid scale)/meso-scale (9Km grid scale) forecast systems. The performance evaluation of the updated global/meso-scale forecast systems in continuation with adoption of improved local forecast systems for the past 5-7 years have demonstrated enhanced forecast skill by about 18% quantitatively as far as the track and landfall forecasts of the tropical cyclones are concerned.

As and when the cyclone systems move in to the 500Km surveillance range of DWRs, identification of strong wind zones and pockets of heavy rainfall within the core cyclone area is carried out and their rapid changes are monitored on continuous basis. ESSO-IMD currently operates 5-Doppler Weather Radars (DWR) at Chennai, Machilipatnam, Visakhapatnam, Kolkata, Sriharikota on the east coast, 675 Automatic Weather Stations (AWS) and 1210 Automatic Rain Gauges (ARG) have been commissioned covering all districts of India. With the commissioning of the state-of-the-art observing, monitoring/ early warning and data visualization/information processing and communication technologies, several manual operations have been fully automated.

By leveraging all available modeling and observing systems along with persistent efforts, ESSO-IMD is able to increase the lead time forecast of cyclones upto 5-7 days and to reduce the track and landfall errors of cyclones by about 7% over the last 3-4 years. ESSO continuously guides the expansion, planning and augmentation of land, ocean and satellite based observing systems and implementation of advanced data assimilation forecast systems along with augmentation of high end computing, network, data reception and warning dissemination infrastructure.

This information was given by Minister of Science and Technology and Earth Sciences Dr. Harsh Vardhan in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today
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Government Asserts that Prices of Life Saving Drugs have been Reduced Government Asserts that Prices of Life Saving Drugs have been Reduced Reviewed by Ajit Kumar on 7:34 PM Rating: 5

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