Generating Employment Through Tourism





Generating Employment Through Tourism

As per provisional estimates, contribution of tourism to total employment (direct and indirect) for the years 2010-11, 2011-12 & 2012-13 was 10.78%, 11.49% and 12.36% respectively.


During the 10th and 11th Five Year Plans, the contribution of tourism to total employment (both direct and indirect) progressed from 8.27% to 11.49% and the Foreign Exchange earnings for the corresponding period progressed from Rs.20729 crore to Rs.94487 crore.

An additional employment of 24.5 million (direct and Indirect) is targeted to be created during the years 2010 to 2016.

Under the existing programme of the Ministry of Tourism, titled Hunar Se Rozgar Tak, training courses are conducted to create employable skills amongst youth who are minimum eighth pass and in the age group of 18-28 years. The programme is being implemented by a number of organizations including the Institutes of Hotel Management, Food Craft Institutes, State Tourism Development Corporations and Classified Hotels. Presently, this programme covers four hospitality trades, namely food production, food & beverage service, bakery and housekeeping, and a few other tourism specific areas. In June 2014, the Ministry of Tourism has also launched a 6-month programme of training exclusively for the HSRT pass-outs in hospitality trades to give them vertical skill mobility. In September, 2014, the Ministry launched, as part of Hunar Se Rozgar Tak, a programme of training to bring up event facilitators.

This information was given the Union Minister of State for Tourism (Independent Charge), Dr. Mahesh Sharma in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.
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Code of Conduct for Safe and Honourable Tourism

The Union Ministry of Tourism along with all stakeholders, including the Tourism Departments of all States and UTs, have adopted the ‘Code of Conduct for Safe & Honourable Tourism’ on 1st July 2010. It is a set of guidelines to encourage tourism activities to be undertaken with respect for basic rights like dignity, safety and freedom from exploitation of both tourists and local residents, in particular for women and children.

The specific objectives of the Code of Conduct for Safe and Honourable Tourism are to:

i. Encourage tourism activities to be undertaken with respect for basic rights like dignity, safety and freedom from exploitation of both tourists and local residents, i.e. people and communities who may be impacted by tourism in some way.

ii. Aid the prevention of prostitution, sex tourism and forms of sexual exploitations like assaults and molestations in tourism to safeguard the safety of persons, in particular women and children.

iii. To enhance prevention of activities like forced or involuntary drug use, manipulated and incorrect information, cultural and social intolerance which could increase vulnerability to crime.

The Code of Conduct is applicable to all the owners, suppliers, contractors, employees of travel tour sector including hotels, restaurants, lodges, guest houses, tour agents, entertainment establishments etc. In addition, it is applicable to service providers like event management organizations, entertainment providers, transport operators, tour guides and other services or agencies associated with tourism sector.

The Code of conduct for Safe and Honourable Tourism is not a legally binding instrument but a set of guidelines for tourism industry. It also sensitises the signatories regarding importance of information and training of personnel, public awareness and guest notification, regulated use of premises and official equipment, ethical business practices and marketing, implementation and monitoring.

As a part of the guidelines of the Code, the signatories are encouraged to assist the tourists with guidance on safety tips applicable to the specific city/place including timings for visits, right dressing and other local social and cultural beliefs and norms etc.

This information was given the Union Minister of State for Tourism (Independent Charge), Dr. Mahesh Sharma in reply to a starred question in the Lok Sabha today.
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Development of Tourist Destinations/Circuits and Pilgrimage Centres by the Union Ministry of Tourism

The Ministry of Tourism has identified 50 circuits/destinations for development of tourism. In order to finalise the same, the Ministry of Tourism has forwarded the list of these circuits/destinations to the respective States/Union Territories for their comments. These circuits/destinations cover major and relevant tourist places and attractions and have a judicious mix of culture, heritage, spiritualism and ecotourism to give tourists a holistic perspective of the country.

Further, with a view to beautify and improve the amenities and infrastructure at pilgrimage centres of all faiths, a National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive (PRASAD) has been announced in the Union Budget 2014-15 and an amount of Rs.100.00 Crore has been proposed for this initiative. In addition, an amount of Rs.500.00 Crore has also been proposed in the budget for the year 2014-15 for development of 5 tourism circuits around specific themes in the country. The Ministry of Tourism is formulating guidelines for implementing these schemes.

This information was given by the Union Minister of State for Tourism (Independent Charge), Dr. Mahesh Sharma in reply to a starred Question in the Lok Sabha today.
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Foreign Tourist Arrivals grow by 7.1% during Jan-Nov 2014 over the corresponding period of 2013

Foreign exchange earnings from Tourism in terms of US Dollar grow by 5.2% during Jan-Nov 2014 as compared to 4.9% over the corresponding period of 2013

          The following are the important highlights regarding Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs)  and Foreign Exchange Earnings (FEEs) from tourism during the month of November 2014.

 Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs):

·        FTAs during the Month of November 2014 was 7.50 lakh as compared to FTAs of 7.34 lakh during the month of November 2013 and 7.01 lakh in November 2012.



·        There has been a growth of 2.2% in FTAs in November 2014 over November 2013.

·        FTAs during the period January- November 2014 were 65.85 lakh with a growth of 7.1%, as compared to the FTAs of 61.46 lakh with a growth of 5.5% during January- November 2013 over the corresponding period of 2012.

·        The percentage share of Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs) in India during November 2014 among the top 15 source countries was highest from USA (14.96%), followed by UK (10.97%), Bangladesh (9.10%), Russian Federation (4.95%), Australia  (4.15%), Canada (4.12%), Malaysia (3.81%), Germany (3.39%),  France (3.30%),                          Sri Lanka  (3.18%),Japan (2.56%),  China (2.42%), Singapore (2.35%), Thailand(2.06%) and Myanmar (1.28%).



Foreign Exchange Earnings (FEEs) from Tourism in Indian rupee terms and US$ terms

·        FEEs during the month of November 2014 were `11,201 crore as compared to `10,663 crore in November 2013 and `9,723 crore in November 2012.



·      The growth rate in FEEs in rupee terms in November 2014 over November 2013 was 5.0%.

·      FEEs from tourism in rupee terms during January- November 2014 were  1,07,208 crore with a growth of 12.1 over the corresponding period of 2013.



·        FEEs in US$ terms during the month of November 2014 were US$ 1.816 billion as compared to FEEs of US$ 1.936 billion during the month of November 2013 and US$ 1.931 billion in November 2012.

·      FEE from tourism in terms of US$ during January- November 2014 were US$ 17.606 billion with a growth of 5.2%, as compared to US$ 16.742 billion with a growth of 4.9% during  January- November 2013 over the corresponding period of 2012.

Ministry of Tourism compiles monthly estimates of Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs) on the basis of data received from major ports and Foreign Exchange Earnings (FEEs) from tourism on the basis of data available from Reserve Bank of India.
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