Development of differently-abled





Development of differently-abled
The primary responsibility for programmes for the welfare of persons
 with disabilities, including persons with physical and mental disabilities,
 lies with the State Government as per entry No. 9 in the “ State List”.

 However, the Department of Disability Affairs supplements the efforts
 of the States in the rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities. Under the
 central Sector Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme(DDRS), financial 
assistance is provided to non-governmental organizations for providing
various services to persons with disabilities like special schools for mentally
 retarded children, vocational training centres, project for cerebral palsied
 children, pre-school and early intervention & training, half-way homes for 
  psycho-rehabilitation of treated and controlled mentally ill persons etc.
         Under the Scheme of Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase/ 
Fitting of Aids/Appliances (ADIP), assistance is provided to implementing
 Agencies for providing aids and appliances to persons with disabilities.
        Under the Scheme of Implementation of Persons with Disabilities
 (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 
(PwD Act)   grant-in-aid is provided to State Governments and various bodies
 set up by the Central and State Government, including autonomous bodies
 and Universities, to support activities pursuant to implementation of the
 provisions of the PwD Act, particularly relating to rehabilitation and provision
 of barrier- free access.

As per Census 2011 figures, the total number of persons with disabilities 
in the country is 26810557. Disability wise position is as under:-

Seeing       Hearing       Speech       Movement   Mental Retardation 
5032463   5071007     1998535    5436604      1505624                    

 Mental illness Any Other  Multiple Disability
  722826            4927011     2116487

The total amount allocated in the last five years is Rs. 2555 crores for the
 development of differently-abled in the country by this Ministry.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and
 Empowerment, Shri Krishan Pal Gurjar in a written reply to a question in
 Rajya Sabha here today.
*****
Award For “Best Care Giver”
Committee under the chairmanship of Additional Secretary, Ministry of
 Social Justice & Empowerment was constituted by the Ministry on 29th
 March 2010 to review the scheme of "National Awards for the 
Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities", including review of categories
 and number of awards. The Committee`s report on 21st May 2010 
suggested inclusion of two more categories of awards namely "Best State 
in Promoting Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities" and "Best
 Sportsperson with Disability". The revised scheme was notified on 29th
 Aug. 2013 accordingly.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and 
Empowerment, Shri Krishan Pal Gurjar in a written reply to a question in
 Rajya Sabha here today.
*****
Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojna (PMAGY) aims to ensure integrated
 development of selected villages having more than 50% Scheduled Caste 
(SC) population. In the pilot phase of the Scheme, 1000 villages were 
selected from 5 States situated in 5 geographical regions of the country, 
as follows:

Sl.No.
Region
State
1
Northern
Himachal Pradesh
2
Eastern
Bihar
3
Western
Rajasthan
4
Southern
Tamil Nadu
5
North-East
Assam

In the pilot phase, the states selected for implementation of the Scheme
 from Western, Southern and North-East region were those having the
 largest number of SC majority villages, having SC population greater
 than 50%, in their respective regions.

·         In the Northern region, Uttar Pradesh, having the maximum
 number of SC majority villages, did not concur to accept the Scheme
and so Himachal Pradesh, which had the 2nd highest number of villages 
having greater than 50% SC population as per Census 2001, was selected
 for the implementation of the Scheme.

·          From Eastern region, Bihar was consciously selected despite having
 the 3rd largest no of villages having > 50% SC population in this region, 
due to its relative backwardness.

·         To ensure focused attention to the pilot Scheme, the selected States 
were asked to select villages from same, or 2-3 contiguous districts. States
 were also advised to give preference to the more backward districts.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and 
Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Rajya 
Sabha here today.
*****
Menace of Drug and Alcohol Addiction

The details of the funds allocated and released under the Scheme of 
Assistance for Prevention of Alcoholism and Substance (Drugs) Abuse 
during the last five years are as follows:

(Rs. in crore)
Year
Budget Estimates (B.E.)

Revised Estimates (R.E.)

Grants Released

Percentage of funds utilized with respect to RE
2009-10
35.00
25.00
22.79
91.16%
2010-11
41.00
31.00
29.31
94.54%
2011-12
41.00
35.50
35.33
99.52%
2012-13
40.00
18.00
17.92
99.55%
2013-14

45.00
28.12
25.40
90.32%


















The Department has taken the following steps to create awareness 
in society especially among young generation about the ill-effects of
 alcoholism and drug abuse:-

(i) Under the Scheme of Assistance for Prevention of Alcoholism and 
Substance (Drugs) Abuse, NGOs /Voluntary organizations conduct
 programmes to create awareness and educate people about the ill
 effects of Alcoholism and Substance (Drugs) Abuse on the individual,
 family, work place and the society at large.

(ii) International Day against Drug Abuse & Illicit Trafficking is observed
 on 26th June each year.  As part of this programme, rallies, paintings 
campaign, workshops, seminars etc are organized at the National as well
 as State level.  On this occasion, National Awards for outstanding services
 in the field of Prevention of Alcoholism and Substance (Drugs) Abuse
 are conferred to the Individuals and Institutions to encourage them
 and recognize their efforts.

(iii) The National Institute for Social Defence, under the Ministry in 
collaboration with Regional Resource and Training Centres and other
 collaborating partners organizes sensitization programme in Schools
 and Colleges.

(iv)  Information regarding ill-effects of alcoholism and drug abuse is 
also disseminated in regional languages through the All India Radio
 programme “Sanwarti Jayen Jeevan Ki Rahen”.

(v) As the problem of alcoholism and drug abuse was reported to be
 high in the States of Punjab and Manipur, the Ministry had in the year
 2011-12, conducted an awareness generation programme in these two 
states which covered ten districts of Punjab and seven districts of Manipur. 
These programmes were conducted through the Nehru Yuva Kendra 
Sangathan (NYKS). In October 2014, the Ministry has assigned to the
 NYKS, the task of awareness generation in eleven districts of Punjab 
and for sustaining the awareness generation programme conducted in
 ten districts in 2011-12.
 
This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice
 and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question 
in Rajya Sabha here today.

*****
Sub-Plan for Scheduled Castes

The Planning Commission has issued revised guidelines for implementation
 of SCSP to the Central Ministries/Departments and States/UTs, vide its
 O.M. dated 11.02.2014 and 18.06.2014 respectively, for earmarking
 outlays for SCSP, to inter-alia estimate gaps, prioritize development needs
 of the SCs and orient the Schemes to bridge the gaps. The Schemes 
designed under SCSP should yield direct and quantifiable benefits to SC
 individuals, SC household and SC habitations. The funds so earmarked shall be non-divertible.

Central Ministries/Departments and States/UTs are advised from time 
to time to adhere to the guidelines of the Planning Commission for formulation, implementation and monitoring of the SCSP and for optimal utilization of funds
. Further, while discussing Annual Plan proposal of States/UTs, the issue 
is discussed and States/UTs are impressed upon to ensure spending of funds 
for SCs in the States/UTs. Also, every year in the Union Budget, Statement-21 
of the Expenditure Budget, Vol.-I contains detailed information regarding 
allocation and expenditure made under Scheduled Castes Sub Plan by the 
Central Ministries/Departments.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice
 and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in
 Rajya Sabha here today.

*****
Building an evidence-based response to enable and empower the elderly

The Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment Shri Thaawar 
Chand Gehlot inaugurated a two-day National Conference on ageing here today.

In his inaugural address, Shri Thaawar Chand Gehlot, Union Minister
 of Social Justice and Empowerment elaborated on the policies and
 programs being implemented currently by the Ministry. “We are
 committed to doing everything we can to address the issue of the
 elderly and the Ministry will not only sustain the 500 programmes 
that are being implemented across the country for the elderly and 
will ensure pension for the elderly. We will also strengthen convergence 
with all key social sector ministries-such as Health and Family Welfare,
 Rural Development, Panchayati Raj and the Census Commission 
to name a few to ensure a coordinated response on the multiple 
challenges we are facing,” he stated. He went on to assure all stakeholders
 present that the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment will 
take on board all the recommendations and suggestions made at the 
Conference and ensure its implementation.

Addressing the challenges generated by the rising numbers of the 
elderly, Shri Sudhir Bhargava, Secretary, Ministry of Social Justice 
and Empowerment pointed out that the major challenge before all 
stakeholders is the quality of preparedness to cope not just with the
 rising numbers but also with the complex set of problems posed by 
the 80+ ageing population. “We estimate that we will need 10 million
 caregivers to address the needs of this population and a massive
 training programme to create competent human resource is a vital
 area that we need to collectively address,” he emphasized.

Ms. Frederika Meijer, Representative, UNFPA India, emphasized that
 what the BKPAI (Building a Knowledge Base on Population Ageing in
 India) initiative has done is to develop the much needed data base at
 the macro level focusing on the elderly in India.

Elucidating further, she stated that: “UNFPA research in India finds
 that India is witnessing a rapid rise in the proportion of elderly in the 
population, especially of older women. The feminisation of ageing
 requires critical attention as many elderly women face greater
 vulnerabilities and isolation at older ages. Efforts to ensure that the
 elderly can exercise their rights to health, to security and to dignity
 must especially factor in measures to improve the lives of elderly women.”

The key areas identified for more focused deliberation were social security,
health, women and ageing and special initiatives mounted by state 
government to reduce the vulnerability of the elderly.

In this context, mention was made of the fact that the UNFPA study
 had shown that a significant proportion of the elderly were aware of 
social security schemes such as the Indira Gandhi National Old Age
 Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS), the Indira Gandhi National Widow 
Pension Scheme (IGNWPS) and the Annapurna Scheme but the 
utilization of all three schemes was low among the target group.
 Because of this only 18 per cent of elderly belonging to poor 
households were beneficiaries of IGNOAPS, while only 3.5 per cent 
utilize the Annapurna Scheme and a quarter of elderly widowed
 women utilize the IGNWPS.

The two day Consultation aims at harnessing the good practices 
being implemented by the Government and deepening the engagement 
with the concerns of the elderly and to translate evidence into 
purposeful action has brought together four key Ministries- Social 
Justice and Empowerment, Rural Development, Panchayat Raj and 
Health and Family Welfare is organized by UNFPA to deliberate on 
the in-depth findings on the elderly that emerged from seven-state
 study done by UNFPA with the technical support from leading research
 organizations. The research organizations included Population Research
 Centre (PRC), Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bengaluru,
 the Institute of Economic Growth (IEG), Delhi and Tata Institute of Social 
Sciences (TISS), Mumbai.

Present on the occasion were Shri Sudhir Bargava, Secretary, Ministry 
of Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Anoop Kumar Srivastava, 
Special Secretary, Social Justice and Empowerment and senior officials 
of the Ministry.

*******

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