Development in North East





Development in North East

 

              The Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-17) Document has provided an analysis of the performance of North Eastern States over previous plan periods alongside all India growth performance for the same periods. The 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17) Document has observed that larger plan investment and focus on infrastructure development has resulted in average growth of gross domestic product in NE States at 9.8% which was higher than the national average of 8% during the 11th Five Year Plan (2007-2012) period.

                 The Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-17) has previous studies conducted for roads, air, power, water and tourism sectors and has identified the following as areas requiring special attention during the 12th Plan:

                                                                                                           

A.             Roads

-East–West Corridor (670 KM in Assam) by National Highway Authority (NHAI);

-All stretches of Special Accelerated Road Development Programme for North Eastern Region (SARDP-NE) connecting State Capitals/District Headquarters, (including National Highway-39 and National Highway-53 in Manipur, NH-31A in Sikkim);

-Strategic border roads;

-Trans-Arunachal Highway along with identified district connectivity;

-Roads connecting Kaladan Multi-modal Transit Transport Project;

-Important bridges include Dhola–Sadia over Brahmaputra and all other crucial bridges on the major road projects;

-Four-lane highway from Tizit in the north to Dimapur via Tuli–Jalukie–Khelma.



B.             Railway

-Broad Gauge (line conversion)—connecting Guwahati–Dibrugarh-Tinsukia, Rangia–Murkongselek Bridge (rail-cum-road) across Brahmaputra at Bogibeel;

-BG route from New Moinaguri to Jogighopa;

-BG route from Lumding–Silchar and Kumarghat–Agartala–Sabroom;

-New lines: Agartala–Akhura, Tetelia–Byrnihat–Shillong, Harmuti-Itanagar, Silchar–Jiribam–Imphal (Tupul).



C.             Airways

-Major works for upgradation of Guwahati Airport, Dibrugarh Airport, Silchar Airport, Agartala Airport, Shillong Airport, Imphal Airport and Dimapur Airport; and,

-Development of new airports at Itanagar, Ceithu (Kohima), Pakyong (Gangtok). In addition, there are smaller airports, Advance Landing Grounds (ALGs) to be upgraded in Arunachal Pradesh.



D.             Inland Water Transport (IWT)

Inland Waterways Transport (IWT) development in the Brahmaputra and Barak National Waterway.



E.              Power

-Long-term health of power sector seriously undermined (losses Rs.70,000 crore per year). However, aggregate technical and commercial (AT&C) losses are slowly coming down. State Governments must push distribution reform.

-Hydropower development seriously hindered by forest and environment clearance procedures. Need to look at special dispensation for these States, especially Arunachal Pradesh.

-A time-bound plan to operationalise development and evacuation of hydropower from NER required.

-Given limited connectivity of NER with other parts of the country (through Siliguri corridor), access through Bangladesh needs to be explored.

-Electricity tariffs not being revised to reflect rising costs. Regulators are being held back from allowing justified tariff increases.



F.              Agriculture/Horticulture/Allied Sector

-The growth has to be more rapid and inclusive; the focus has to be on better performance in agriculture, irrigation, drinking water health services, better education in the rural and remote areas, rural connectivity, improved delivery system and governance. Farm-based economic activities - Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, Poultry, and so on, have to be the prime drivers.

-Post-harvest management and marketing infrastructure required to be attended to by dovetailing of programmes/schemes between Central Ministries and the State Governments for filling up gaps in infrastructure.

-There has to be continued emphasis on creation of employment opportunities. During the Eleventh Plan, there is a general feeling of improvement in the security and law and order scenario. Efforts have to continue to further improve the scenario. The initiatives so far have created some momentum of development as may be seen from the above analysis. This has to continue with all possible support from the Centre.



G.             Education/Skill Development/Health

-Focus on quality of education. Investment in teachers’ training and evaluation. Use distance education infrastructure.

-Social, gender and regional gaps in education need special attention. Special emphasis on capacity building and skill development with focus on curriculum is needed. State-specific approach for creation of opportunities for employment generation may be taken up. Reforms in vocational education to ensure employability in the changing market would help.

-Development and operationalisation of Public Private Partnership (PPP) models in schools and higher education and focus on increase in seats in medical colleges, nursing colleges and other licensed health professionals require special attention.

-Improvement in the quality of NRHM services, rationalisation in the manpower requirement and involvement of PRIs/communities in improving health services is important. Special focus required for development of infrastructure and availability of doctors, paramedics and nurses. Role of PPP in secondary and tertiary health care required to be encouraged.



H.     Look East

-Focus on strong relationship with Bangladesh to ensure effective connectivity by different transport modes. Access to Chittagong port, declaring Ashuganj (Bangladesh) as port of call, Kolkata–Agartala–Dhaka bus service.

-Connecting the NE by road to south-east (SE) Asia through Tri-lateral Highway–Moreh (Manipur)–Mandalay/Bagan (Myanmar)–Mae Sot/Chiang Mai (Thailand).

-Focus on development of all Land Customs Stations (LCS) for strengthening border trade and business communication.

-Expeditious implementation of multi-modal transport using Kaladan River as alternate connectivity to the North-East.



This was stated by Dr. Jitendra Singh, the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for   Development of North East Region in Lok Sabha today.

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Vision Document 2020



            The North Eastern Region Vision 2020 Document was unveiled by the Government in July, 2008. Subsequently, seventeen thematic groups incorporating sector experts were constituted by this Ministry to develop specific action plans to operationalize the Vision 2020 Document. These sectors were:



1)                    Major Road connectivity;

2)                    Inland Waterways;

3)                    Air connectivity;

4)                    Railways;

5)                    Power;

6)                    Panchayati Raj and Local Self Government;

7)                    Poverty Eradication;

8)                    Human Resource Development;

9)                    Industry;

10)                Rural Roads;

11)                Tourism;

12)                IT-enabled services and Cyber connectivity;

13)                Health;

14)                Rural sector;

15)                Financial Services;

16)                Sports, Art & culture; and

17)                Look East Policy.



These Groups identified broad intervention areas and mechanisms for development of the North Eastern Region during a meeting held in Shillong on 3-4 December, 2008. Action areas suggested by the thematic groups were referred for implementation by the concerned Ministries. Following this, the Ministry has been urging concerned Central Ministries/Departments to formulate relevant socio-economic programmes and projects in the region. Ministries are also invited to spell out their development plans, achievements and ongoing activities in the North Eastern Region during routine meetings of the North Eastern Council and other review meetings. Although detailed quantification of progress made in respect of implementation of NER Vision 2020 is not possible, major infrastructure projects in roads, railways, airways and power have been implemented and telecom connectivity has also improved considerably. The 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17) Document of Planning Commission has observed that larger plan investment and focus on infrastructure development has resulted in average growth of gross domestic product in NE States at 9.8% which was higher than the national average of 8% during the 11th Five Year Plan (2007-2012) period.

                     This was stated by Dr. Jitendra Singh, the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for   Development of North East Region in Lok Sabha today.

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Development Projects in North-East

 

                                    The developmental activities in North-Eastern Region are slow due to non-completion of several projects on time for the reasons mainly relating to problems being faced in land acquisition and forest clearance, law & order situation and limited working season due to climatic conditions prevailing in the region. 

            The updating of the guidelines is a continuing and evolving process based on the need and requirements of the developmental activities for better execution of the developmental projects.

                The details of the projects delayed under the Non-Lapsable Central Pool of Resources (NLCPR) Scheme and projects undertaken by North Eastern Council (NEC) are-                                                                               

1.  Non-Lapsable Central Pool of Resources (NLCPR)
States

No. of Projects Delayed*
Arunachal Pradesh
75
Assam
164
Manipur
81
Meghalaya
52
Mizoram
44
Nagaland
60
Sikkim
38
Tripura
41
Total
555

2.  North Eastern Council (NEC)


States/Other Agencies

No. of Projects Delayed
Arunachal Pradesh
25
Assam
35
Manipur
20
Meghalaya
15
Mizoram
13
Nagaland
17
Sikkim
16
Tripura
8
Other Agencies
4
Total
153

This was stated by Dr. Jitendra Singh, the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for   Development of North East Region in Lok Sabha today.

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Non-Lapsable Central Pool of Resources

An amount of Rs.23,210.50 crore has accrued to the Non-Lapsable Central Pool of Resources (NLCPR) for the North East from 1998-99 to 2012-13, out of which Rs. 10,411.87 crore has been utilized during the referred period. The balance available in the pool as at 31.03.2013 is Rs. 12,769.04 crore as confirmed by the Ministry of Finance who maintain the resource pool.

The accruals in NLCPR are utilized by the Ministry of DoNER under the two Schemes of NLCPR (State) and NLCPR-Central for which annual budgetary allocations are provided in the normal budgetary process. Utilization of funds under the two schemes is debited annually to the resource pool. Under the NLCPR (State) Scheme, priority projects of North Eastern States are being funded and under NLCPR-Central Scheme, funds are provided to Central Ministries for implementing projects of national and regional importance.

Tuirial Hydro Electric Project (60 MW) in Mizoram, being implemented by North Eastern Electric Power Corporation, Ministry of Power has been partly funded under NLCPR-Central Scheme. So far, an amount of Rs. 97.94 crores has been released to Ministry of Power against Rs. 300 crore to be provided by Ministry of DoNER for the Project.

This was stated by Dr. Jitendra Singh, the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Development of North East Region in Lok Sabha today.
Development in North East Development in North East Reviewed by Ajit Kumar on 1:56 PM Rating: 5

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