Bhagavad Gita in School Education


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Bhagavad Gita in School Education 


Content related to ‘Bhagavad Gita’ is already included in National Council of Educational Research & Training (NCERT)’s Class XII Sanskrit text book, namely, Shashwati, Part-II (Chapter IV: Karma Gauravam) since 2007-08.  The National Curriculum Framework-2005 brought out by NCERT states that to strengthen our cultural heritage and national identity, the curriculum should enable the younger generation to reinterpret and re-evaluate the part with reference to new priorities and emerging outlooks of a changing societal context.  The document further states that the cultural diversity of this land should continue to be treasured as our special attribute.  However, education, being a subject in the Concurrent List of the Constitution, and the majority of schools being under the jurisdiction of the State Governments, it is within the ambit of the States/ Union Territories to decide about the subjects to be taught in their schools keeping in view the National Curriculum Framework (NCF).


This information was given by the Minister of State (HRD), Shri Upendra Kushwaha today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question.

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Quality Education Under RTE Act

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 lays down the duties of the appropriate Government and the local authority to ensure that good quality elementary education conforming to norms and standards is provided, curriculum and courses of study are prescribed in a timely manner, and teachers are trained. In order to focus on quality education, the Central RTE Rules have been amended on 20th February, 2017 to include reference on class-wise, subject-wise Learning Outcomes. The Learning Outcomes for each class in Languages (Hindi, English and Urdu), Mathematics, Environmental Studies, Science and Social Science up to the elementary stage have, accordingly, been finalized and shared with all States and UTs. These would serve as a guideline for States and UTs to ensure that all children acquire appropriate learning level.

Under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Sarva Shiskha Abhiyan (SSA), the State Governments and UT Administrations are supported on several interventions to improve teaching standards, including regular in-service teachers’ training, induction training for newly recruited teachers, training of all untrained teachers to acquire professional qualifications through Open Distance Learning (ODL) mode, recruitment of additional teachers for improving pupil-teacher ratios, academic support for teachers through block and cluster resource centres, continuous and comprehensive evaluation system to equip the teacher to measure pupil performance and provide remedial action wherever required, and teacher and school grants for development of appropriate teaching-learning materials, etc.

Additionally, the Central Government, supports States and UTs on early grade reading, writing & comprehension, and early Mathematics programmes through a sub-programme of SSA namely ‘Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat’ (PBBB) in classes I and II. Further, the Government has launched Rashtriya Aavishkar Abhiyan (RAA) programme on 09.07.2015, inter alia, as a sub-component of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), to motivate and engage children of the age group from 6-18 years in Science, Mathematics and Technology through observation, experimentation, inference drawing, model building, etc. both through inside and outside classroom activities.

Further, as per model rules prescribed under RTE Act, 2009 a primary school is provided at a distance of 1km and an upper primary school is provided at a distance of 3Km, though the States have notified their own neighborhood norms as per their requirement. Government also provides various facilities to students at all levels in order to ensure high enrolment and quality of education including scholarships and teacher training.

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Collaboration with Foreign Universities

The University Grants Commission (UGC) has notified, on the 11th July, 2016, the UGC (Promotion and Maintenance of Standards of Academic Collaboration between Indian and Foreign Educational Institutions) Regulations, 2016 regarding collaboration between Indian Higher Educational Institutions and Foreign Higher Educational Institutions leading to the award of a degree. The regulations are available at http://www.egazette.nic.in/WriteReadData/2016/170684.pdf. As per these regulations, Indian Universities and Colleges having the highest grade of accreditation/threshold accreditation, and conforming to other eligibility conditions as laid down in the regulations, can apply online to the UGC for starting twining arrangement with Foreign Educational Institutions (FEI) having the prescribed quality.

All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) has set norms for regulating collaboration and twinning program between Indian and Foreign University/Institutions in the field of Technical Education Research and Training with an objective to safeguard the interest of student community in India and ensure uniform maintenance of Norms & Standards as prescribed by various statutory bodies.  These norms are available at http://www.aicte-india.org/downloads/Final%20_Approval%20Process%20Handbook%202017-18.pdf.

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Bridging Gender Gap in IITS

Out of 2264 female candidates who were allotted seats in Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) in 2016, 848 joined IITs. The admission process for the current year is not over. To improve female enrolment in the B.Tech. Programmes in IITs, a Committee under the chairmanship of Director, IIT-Mandi was constituted by the Joint Admission Board (JAB) to suggest suitable measures. The report of the Committee was considered by the IIT Council in its 51st meeting held on 28.04.2017 and decided to increase female enrolment from the current 8% to 14% in 2018-19, 17% in 2019-20 and 20% in 2020-21 by creating supernumerary seats.

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Review of Deemed University Status

Presently, Institutions Deemed to be Universities are regulated by the University Grants Commission (UGC) as per the provisions of UGC (Institutions Deemed to be Universities) Regulations, 2016. As per the Regulations, there is a provision for mandatory intensive external review of every Deemed to be University once in every five years based on the criteria prescribed by the UGC from time to time. Only those Institutions Deemed to be Universities are not reviewed by the UGC which are accredited with highest grade by National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) or all their eligible Courses are accredited with highest grade by National Board of Accreditation (NBA) for two continuous cycles. The review of such Institutions Deemed to be Universities can be done by the Institution itself through external peer review mechanism.

Since there is a mandatory provision for reviewing of every Institution Deemed to be University, the Ministry does not interfere in conducting review of these Institutions. However, in case of Category ‘B’ Institutions identified by the Tandon Committee, the Government has asked the UGC to see whether the deficiencies pointed out by the Committee have been rectified while carrying out inspection as per the mandatory requirement of UGC (Institutions Deemed to be Universities) Regulations, 2016. For Category ‘C’ Institutions as identified by Tandon Committee, the UGC has been asked to see during inspection that whether deficiencies have been rectified and that the Regulations are being adhered to.

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Re-Evaluation Policy of CBSE

There have been some variations in totaling of marks during verifications of marks/scrutiny which have been communicated to the students and revised marks statement issued.  This year total No. of 106981 cases of Verification of Marks has been received in all the 10 Regions of the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). The said variations are due to totaling of marks, unassessed portion, transfer of marks from inside the answer book to the main cover page.

The orders of the Hon’ble Court have been complied by the CBSE for scrutiny of the answer scripts. A notice in this regard has been issued by the CBSE dated 28.06.2017.

As the entire evaluation has human component, there are chances of error in the nature of totaling, posting, un-assessed, comparison.  These errors are miniscule/insignificant looking into the quantum of answer books being evaluated (1 crore answer scripts of class X and XII). Hence, there is nothing wrong in the totaling process as a whole. Further in order to review and bring reform to the present evaluation system of the CBSE two Independent Committees have been formed in order to bring systemic improvement in the evaluation and post examination activities to make them error free.

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Incubation Centres in Universities

 15 Technology Business Incubators (TBI) have been approved by this Ministry in collaboration with Department of Science and Technology (DST) in the year 2016 across various Centrally Funded Technical Institutions with 100% funding from DST. The DST has also supported 93 Technology Business Incubators and Science & Technology Entrepreneurs Parks in various universities/institutions.

       

The funding pattern followed by the DST has been as under:



Period Amount allocated (Rs in crore) Duration
2013-14, 2014-15 2015-16  3-5 For 5 years period

2016-17 10-15 For 5 years under National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations (NIDHI)

On an average 15 projects each are under taken for physical incubation by these incubation centres with an incubation period of 2 to 3 years. During last three years, in the 93 Technology Business Incubators located in academic setups, 1395 projects have been under physical incubation.



This information was given by the Minister of State (HRD), Dr. Mahendra Nath Pandey today in a written reply to a Rajya Sabha question.
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