Rehabilitation Programmes/Schemes for Mentally Retarded Persons



Rehabilitation Programmes/Schemes for Mentally Retarded Persons 
As per Census 2011, there are 22, 28,450 persons with Mental Retardation and Mental Illness in the country. Population of such persons, state-wise is:

Annexure referred to in reply to part (a) of Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No. 106 for Answer on 24.02.15 regarding Rehabilitation Programme/Schemes for  Mentally Retarded Persons
S. No.
State
Mental Retardation
Mental Illness
Total
1
Andhra Pradesh
132380
43169
175549
2
Arunachal Pradesh
1264
631
1895
3
Assam
26374
18819
45193
4
Bihar
89251
37521
126772
5
Chhattisgarh
33171
20832
54003
6
Delhi
16338
10046
26384
7
Goa
1817
1675
3492
8
Gujarat
66393
42037
108430
9
Haryana
30070
16191
46261
10
Himachal Pradesh
8986
5166
14152
11
J&K
16724
15669
32393
12
Jharkhand
37458
20157
57615
13
Karnataka
93974
20913
114887
14
Kerala
65709
66915
132624
15
Madhya Pradesh
77803
39513
117316
16
Maharashtra
160209
58753
218962
17
Manipur
4506
1405
5911
18
Mizoram
1585
1050
2635
19
Meghalaya
2332
2340
4672
20
Nagaland
1250
995
2245
21
Odisha
72399
42837
115236
22
Punjab
45070
21925
66995
23
Rajasthan
81389
41047
122436
24
Sikkim
516
513
1029
25
Tamil Nadu
100847
32964
133811
26
Tripura
4307
2909
7216
27
Uttar Pradesh
181342
76603
257945
28
Uttarakhand
11450
6443
17893
29
West Bengal
136523
71515
208038
30
A&N Islands
294
364
658
31
Chandigarh
1090
756
1846
32
Daman & Diu
176
89
265
33
D& N Haveli
180
115
295
34
Lakshadweep
112
96
208
35
Puducherry
2335
853
3188

Total
1505624
722826
2228450

In the 12th Five Year Plan it has been envisaged to establish a National Institute for Mental Health Rehabilitation (NIMHR). The Govt. has already initiated action such as identification of consultancy for establishment of the aforesaid Institute at Bhopal.

In the 12th Five Year Plan, an amount of Rs 50 crore is available for establishment of NIMHR.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Krishan Pal Gurjar in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.
*****


GOVERNMENT ORDERS SUSEPNSION OF SHRI SHASHI SHANKAR, DIRECTOR (T&FS) 

Shri Shashi Shankar, Director (T&FS), ONGC has committed gross misconduct while dealing with a tender for Procurement of Twenty One Blowout Preventers (BOP). He has been associated with this tender as GGM and OSD to Director (T&FS) and from 01.01.2012 as Director (T&FS). 

Taking strong note of the lapses the Government on 23rd February ordered suspension of Shri Shashi Shankar with immediate effect to ensure fair and transparent inquiry. 

********** 

Education for Differently Abled 



A statement containing the measures taken by the Government is laid on the table of the House.

1)   Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS)

The Scheme of Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS) is being implemented by Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of School Eduction & Literacy. This Scheme provides assistance for the inclusive education of the disabled children in classes IX-XII. This scheme is now subsumed under Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) from 2013.

Aims

To enable all students with disabilities, to pursue further four years of secondary schooling after completing eight years of elementary schooling in an inclusive and enabling environment.

Objectives

The scheme covers all children studying at the secondary stage in Government, local body and Government-aided schools, with one or more disabilities as defined under the Persons with Disabilities Act (1995) and the National Trust Act (1999) in the class IX to XII, namely blindness, low vision, leprosy cured, hearing impairment, locomotory disabilities, mental retardation, mental illness, autism, and cerebral palsy and may eventually cover speech impairment, learning disabilities, etc. Girls with the disabilities receive special focus to help them gain access to secondary schools, as also to information and guidance for developing their potential. Setting up of Model inclusive schools in every State is envisaged under the scheme.

Components

·         Student-oriented components, such as medical and educational assessment, books and stationery, uniforms, transport allowance, reader allowance, stipend for girls, support services, assistive devices, boarding the lodging facility, therapeutic services, teaching learning materials, etc.

·         Other components include appointment of special education teachers, allowances for general teachers for teaching such children, teacher training, orientation of school administrators, establishment of resource room, providing barrier free environment, etc.

Implementing Agency

The School Education Department of the State Governments/Union Territory (UT) Administrations are the implementing agencies. They may involve NGOs having experience in the field of education of the disabled in the implementation of the scheme.





Financial Assistance

Central assistance for all items covered in the scheme is on 100 percent basis. The State governments are only required to make provisions for scholarship of Rs. 600/- per disabled child per annum.



(2) Scholarship Scheme being implemented by Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities

Pre-Matric Scholarship and Post-Matric Scholarship for Students with Disabilities



This scheme has been launched in October, 2014. The objectives of the schemes are to provide financial assistance to the parents of students with disabilities for studying in the pre-matric level (class IX and X) and post-matric level (Class XI, XII onwards). The financial assistance includes scholarship, book grant, escort/reader allowance, etc. Number of scholarships to be granted every year is 46,000 for pre-matric level and 16,650 for post-matric level. 50% of the scholarships are reserved for girls. Parental income ceiling is Rs.2.00 lakh per annum for pre-matric and Rs.2.50 lakh per annum for post-matric scholarship. Selection of the beneficiaries under these two scholarship schemes is on the basis of merit after the recommendation of the Governments of State or Union Territories.  These schemes will be implemented on-line basis through a web-portal National e-Scholarship Portal which will be ready in the year 2015-16. The web portal is being prepared by Deptt. of Electronics & Information Technology. Since there is no web-portal during the current year (2014-15), the scheme is being operated off-line through the respective State Governments. From the next year onwards the scheme will be operated through National e-scholarship portal being developed by DEITY.



(3) Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)



Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities is implementing a Scheme, namely, Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS) under which   grant-in-aid is provided to Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)   for their projects relating to rehabilitation of persons with disabilities aimed at enabling persons with disabilities.  There are 18 model projects under the Scheme including programmes for pre-school and early intervention and special education. Up to 90% of the project cost is provided under the DDRS scheme.



This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Krishan Pal Gurjar in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.

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Sechemes for Differently Abled Women 

Various schemes implemented for the upliftment of physically challenged persons including women in the country provide for educational, social, economic and psychological rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities, creation of barrier free environment, providing assistive devices, special education, vocational training and early intervention programmes. All the Schemes and programmes, namely, Deendyal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS); Scheme for Implementation of Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995 (SIPDA); Scheme of Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS); Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA); Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship scheme for Students with Disabilities (RGNF); Scheme of National Overseas Scholarship for Students with Disabilities; Scheme of Pre-Matric Scholarship and Post-Matric Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Gyan Prabha Scheme of National Trust; Scholarship Scheme from Trust Fund and Scholarship Scheme from National Fund are implemented for the upliftment of all Persons with Disabilities including women. Special provision for physically challenged women has been made in the following schemes / programmes:- 

National Overseas Scholarship for Students with Disabilities: six out of twenty scholarships are reserved for women candidates. 

Pre-Matric Scholarship and Post-Matric Scholarship for Students with Disabilities: 50% of the scholarships are reserved for girls. 

Scholarship Scheme from Trust Fund: 30% scholarships are reserved for female students with disabilities. 

This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Krishan Pal Gurjar in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.

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Inclusion Into SC List 

The criteria and procedure followed for inclusion of a community/ caste in the list of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes are as Under:-

(i) Criteria

Scheduled Castes(SCs):-

Extreme social, educational and economic backwardness arising out of traditional practice of untouchability.

Scheduled Tribes(STs):-

Indication of primitive traits, distinctive culture, geographical isolation, shyness of contact with community at large and backwardness.

Other Backward Classes (OBCs):-

Social, educational, economic backwardness and inadequate representation in the Central Government posts and services.

(iii) Procedure:-

SCs and STs are specified under the provisions of Articles 341 & 342 of the Constitution of India respectively. Further, Government has laid down Modalities in June, 1999, as amended in June,  2002 for processing of modifications in the lists of SCs and STs. The Modalities envisage that only such proposals of the concerned State Governments/ Union Territory Administrations, which have been agreed to by the Registrar General of India (RGI) and National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC), in the case of SCs, and RGI & National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) in the case of STs, are further processed in accordance with provisions of clause (2) of Articles 341 and 342 respectively. Inclusion of communities/ castes in the Central List of OBCs is done on the advice of National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) as envisaged in Section (9) of NCBC Act, 1993.

(b) to (e): State-wise details of proposals received for inclusion of communities/ castes in the list of Scheduled Castes during last and current years are as under:-

State
Castes/ communities recommended for inclusion
2014
2015
Bihar
Bind
-
Haryana
(1) Aheria, Aheri, Heri, Naik, Thori, Turi, Hari (2) Rai Sikh (3) Banjara, (4) Dhobi, Dhobirajak
-
Karnataka
-
Kotekshatriya, Kotegara, Koteyava, Rama Kashtriya, Koteyara, Serugara, Servegara
Maharashtra
Kaikadi
-
West Bengal
Chain
-

Above proposals have been processed in accordance with Modalities. As the proposal in respect of Naik, Banjara, Dhobi, Dhobirajak castes of Haryana were not supported by the Registrar General of India (RGI), accordingly, they have been returned to the State Government to review or further justify their recommendation in the light of observations of the RGI. The proposals of Bind caste of Bihar, Kaikadi caste of Maharashtra and Kotekshatriya, Kotegara, Koteyava, Rama Kashtriya, Koteyara, Serugara, Servegara castes of Karnataka have been sent to the RGI for comments. The proposal of Chain community of West Bengal and Aheria, Aheri, Heri, Thori, Turi, Hari, Rai Sikh castes of Haryana have been sent to National Commission for Scheduled Castes for comments.

As any amendment in the list of Scheduled Castes can be made only by an Act of Parliament, in view of clause (2) of Article 341 of Constitution of India, no time frame can be assigned in the matter.


This information was given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha here today.
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